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A study of emissions from domestic solid-fuel stove combustion in Ireland

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Show simple item record Trubetskaya, Anna Lin, Chunshui Ovadnevaite, Jurgita Ceburnis, Darius O'Dowd, Colin Leahy, James J. Monaghan, Rory F.D. Johnson, Robert Layden, Peter Smith, William 2021-03-02T11:02:20Z 2021
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description The full text of this article will not be available until the embargo expires on the 26/02/2022
dc.description.abstract Solid-fuel stoves are at the heart of many homes not only in developing nations, but also in developed regions where there is significant deployment of such heating appliances. They are often operated inefficiently and in association with high emission fuels like wood. This leads to disproportionate air pollution contributions. Despite the proliferation of these appliances, an understanding of particulate matter (PM) emissions from these sources remains relatively low. Emissions from five solid fuels are quantified using a “conventional” and an Eco design stove. PM measurements are obtained using both “hot filter” sampling of the raw flue gas, and sampling of cooled, diluted flue gas using an Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor and AE33 aethalometer. PM emissions factors (EF) derived from diluted flue gas incorporate light condensable organic compounds; hence they are generally higher than those obtained with “hot filter” sampling, which do not. Overall, the PM EFs ranged from 0.2 to 108.2 g GJ−1 for solid fuels. The PM EF determined for a solid fuel depends strongly on the measurement method employed and on user behavior, and less strongly on secondary air supply and stove type. Kerosene-based firelighters were found to make a disproportionately high contribution to PM emissions. Organic aerosol dominated PM composition for all fuels, constituting 50−65% of PM from bituminous and low-smoke ovoids, and 85−95% from torrefied olive stone (TOS) briquettes, sod peat, and wood logs. Torrefied biomass and low-smoke ovoids were found to yield the lowest PM emissions. Substituting these fuels for smoky coal, peat, and wood could reduce PM2.5 emissions by approximately 63%. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher ACS en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energy & Fuels 35 (6), pp. 4966-4978
dc.rights © 2021 ACS This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in energy&fuels, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see en_US
dc.subject Solid-fuel stoves en_US
dc.subject heating appliances en_US
dc.subject Emissions en_US
dc.title A study of emissions from domestic solid-fuel stove combustion in Ireland en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.0c04148 2022-02-26
dc.embargo.terms 2022-02-26 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US

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