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Smartphone use while driving: an investigation of Young Novice Driver (YND) behaviour

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dc.contributor.author Jannusch, Tim
dc.contributor.author Shannon, Darren
dc.contributor.author Völler, Michaele
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Finbarr
dc.contributor.author Mullins, Martin
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-09T12:37:32Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-09T12:37:32Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/9757
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Road traffic collisions are the leading cause of death for those between the ages of 15–29, according to the World Health Organisation. This study investigates one of the primary reasons for the high fatality rate amongst Young Novice Drivers (YNDs) – their use of smartphones while driving. We gathered responses from a representative sample of YNDs on their behaviour while driving using an updated version of the ‘Behaviour of Young Novice Drivers Scale’. Survey responses totalled 700 YNDs situated throughout Germany. From these responses, we examined the prevalence of certain driving behaviours that are described as ‘distracting’ and compared these driving behaviours to the respondents’ use of specific smartphone features. The responses report that music-related activities (e.g. changing music on a smartphone) are most common amongst YNDs. Speaking on the phone is seldom-reported, although more males than females indicated engagement in this behaviour. We further carried out a correlation analysis and correspondence analysis. On that basis we found that those who report speaking on a smartphone are significantly more likely to engage in driving behaviours with potentially fatal consequences, such as speeding and driving while impaired by prohibited substances (drugs, alcohol). We propose that the results could be used by policymakers for public information implications and to tailor financial penalties for those engaging in smartphone behaviours that are linked to harmful driving behaviours. In addition, our findings can also be used in a Usagebased Insurance (UBI) context to financially incentivise safer driving en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation r 690772 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour;77, pp. 209-220
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2020.12.013
dc.subject young novice drivers en_US
dc.subject adolescent drivers en_US
dc.subject smartphone use en_US
dc.subject BYNDS en_US
dc.subject driver behaviour en_US
dc.subject statistical analysis en_US
dc.title Smartphone use while driving: an investigation of Young Novice Driver (YND) behaviour en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.trf.2020.12.013
dc.contributor.sponsor European Union (EU) en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Horizon 2020 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 690772 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 3002490


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