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Combined analytical strategies for chemical and physical characterization of tar from torrefaction of olive stone

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Show simple item record Trubetskaya, Anna Johnson, Robert Monaghan, Rory F.D. Ramos, Andrezza S. Brunsvik, Anders Wittgens, Bernd Han, Yinglei Pisano, Italo Leahy, James J. Budarin, Vitaliy L. 2021-02-05T12:02:48Z 2021-02-05T12:02:48Z 2021
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The advance in analytical methodology is critical for progress in 1) biorefinery and 2) torrefaction product commercialization. The chemical characterisation of torrefaction liquid and concentrated tar produced by Arigna Fuels’ pyrolysis plant allowed identification of polar, volatile, non-volatile compounds, species containing organically bound sulphur and nitrogen heteroatoms. The results suggest that only combined use of ion chromatography with Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry, and 1 H-13C HS-QC can provide comprehensive information on sugar-like material and lignin-derived compounds. Due to the technical robustness and short analysis time, Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer was found to be a promising tool for tar analysis containing heavy molecular compounds. Importantly from a technological standpoint, the presence of aromatic and saturated compounds in both liquid and concentrated tar samples indicated the predominance of lignin-derived compounds over products originating from cellulose and hemicellulose polymers. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Fuel;291, 120086
dc.subject Heavy molecular compounds en_US
dc.subject Rheology en_US
dc.subject Torrefaction tar Glucose en_US
dc.title Combined analytical strategies for chemical and physical characterization of tar from torrefaction of olive stone en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.fuel.2020.120086
dc.contributor.sponsor SFI en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Horizon 2020 en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor ERC
dc.relation.projectid 16/SP/3829 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 731101 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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