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To be, or not to be, a criminal; a prospective longitudinal analysis of factors related to criminal desistance in a group of young people

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dc.contributor.advisor Ryan, Patrick Quigley, Stephen James 2021-02-04T10:51:10Z 2021-02-04T10:51:10Z 2018
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Ceim ar Cheim is a community-based education and training centre, catering for clients of the Probation Service, young offenders and youth at risk. Through a longitudinal methodology, this study aimed to document the early stages of desistance from crime, by qualitatively exploring identity and social control before and after participants’ first year in Ceim ar Cheim. Participants’ disconnection from society was evident. This was exacerbated by bereavement, loss, repeated school breakdowns, incarceration, and reports of Garda violence and harassment. By the end of their first year, more efficacious narrative identities emerged, alongside greater aversion to developing into feared possible selves. Participants developed a deeper bond with Ceim ar Cheim over time, facilitated by the organisations flexibility and ethos of genuine, wholistic engagement. Some participants’ continued drug use and hazardous drinking pose ongoing threats to their desistance. The complex influence of family was apparent; with some family members having a profoundly negative impact on participants’ lives and providing ant-role models, whilst a growing awareness of the pain caused by participants to their families was also evident. Grandparents adopting parenting roles was noted, as was the apparent criminogenic impact of loss and bereavement. Participants outlined desisting impacts of romantic relationships and parenthood. Participants reported that turning eighteen reinforced desistance through the prospect of a blank legal slate and the fear of longer sentences in adult prisons. The study highlights the importance of services for youth at risk and the need to create penal policy which supports their path to desistance. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher University of Limerick en_US
dc.subject young people en_US
dc.subject Ceim ar Cheim en_US
dc.title To be, or not to be, a criminal; a prospective longitudinal analysis of factors related to criminal desistance in a group of young people en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_theses_dissertations en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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