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Experiences of people with intellectual disabilities encountering law enforcement officials as the suspects of crime – A narrative systematic review

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Show simple item record Gulati, Gautam Cusack, Alan Kelly, Brendan D. Kilcommins, Shane Dunne, Colum P. 2021-01-08T15:15:15Z 2021-01-08T15:15:15Z 2020
dc.identifier.issn 0160-2527
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract It is well established internationally that there is a high prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) among people in police custody. Some people with ID may face particular challenges in negotiating the forensic formalities adopted by police at the pre-trial stage of the criminal process. These challenges need to be acknowledged and mitigated through appropriate procedural safeguards in order to, at once, preserve the fact-finding accuracy of criminal investigations and minimise the risk of securing a wrongful conviction. And yet, despite the formative role which pre-trial procedures exert over the trajectory of proceedings, little is known about the experiences of people with ID during their initial interaction with law enforcement officers. In an attempt to address this research lacuna, we reviewed six databases systematically to identify studies that explore such experiences. Seven studies with a total of 1199 participants were identified. Frequently, participants with ID describe challenges in police custody, experiencing particular difficulties in understanding and communicating information. They report a paucity of appropriate supports generally in this setting and an unmet need for the provision of procedural and emotional supports. Consistent implementation of legal safeguards is necessary, along with consistent availability of accessible practical measures to support people with ID within the criminal justice system. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Law and Psychiatry;71, 101609
dc.subject intellectual disabilities en_US
dc.subject law enforcement official en_US
dc.subject police en_US
dc.subject United Nations' convention on the rights of persons with disabilities en_US
dc.title Experiences of people with intellectual disabilities encountering law enforcement officials as the suspects of crime – A narrative systematic review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US 2021-01-08T15:10:53Z
dc.description.version PUBLISHED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101609
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2962902
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle International journal of law and psychiatry
dc.description.status peer-reviewed

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