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The experience of law enforcement officers interfacing with suspects who have an intellectual disability – A systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Gulati, Gautam
dc.contributor.author Kelly, Brendan D.
dc.contributor.author Cusack, Alan
dc.contributor.author Kilcommins, Shane
dc.contributor.author Dunne, Colum P.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-08T15:01:59Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-08T15:01:59Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.issn 0160-2527
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/9586
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract There is a high prevalence of people with intellectual disability (ID) among those in police custody. Consequently, law enforcement officers (LEOs) at the frontline of the criminal justice system are commonly required to interact with people who have ID. Notwithstanding the frequency of these interactions, research indicates that police exchanges with persons with ID frequently take place against a backdrop of tenuouslyresourced disability awareness training. At the time of writing, a paucity of research data exists with respect to the experiences of LEOs operating within this training vacuum at an international level. A better understanding of their experiences could meaningfully inform research, training and improve support programmes for LEO's. We systematically reviewed six databases to identify studies published up to 1st December 2019 reporting the experience of LEOs interfacing with suspects who have an ID. Following a review of 670 abstracts, 16 studies were identified from five countries involving 983 LEOs. LEOs identified 1) a need for specialised training; 2) challenges in identifying people with ID; 3) a need to improve safeguards and 4) challenges in supporting/ communicating with individuals who have ID through the investigation process. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Law and Psychiatry;72, 101614
dc.subject intellectual disabilities en_US
dc.subject law enforcement officer en_US
dc.subject police en_US
dc.subject United Nations' convention on the rights of persons with disabilities en_US
dc.subject vulnerability en_US
dc.title The experience of law enforcement officers interfacing with suspects who have an intellectual disability – A systematic review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2021-01-08T14:54:25Z
dc.description.version PUBLISHED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijlp.2020.101614
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2964315
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle International journal of law and psychiatry
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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