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The mesenteric-based model of abdominal compartmentalisation

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dc.contributor.advisor Coffey, Calvin J.
dc.contributor.advisor McDermott, Kieran W. Byrnes, Kevin G. 2020-09-24T13:52:15Z 2020-09-24T13:52:15Z 2020
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction Recent advances in our understanding of mesenteric anatomy clarify its shape distal to the duodenojejunal flexure. Investigation of mesenteric anatomy has raised several questions about its overall shape. These include the shape of the mesentery proximal to the duodenum, its anatomical relationship with fascia at this level, the distribution of the peritoneal reflection, and how the overall structure of the mesentery arises from its embryological forerunner. This thesis aimed to characterise embryological development and anatomical form of the abdominal mesentery in humans. Methods An appraisal of mesenteric development was performed. As part of this appraisal, three-dimensional models and dynamic models of the mesentery at consecutive stages of development were generated. Next, a dissection was performed using cadavers to comprehensively investigate mesenteric shape in adulthood. This dissection applied a mesenteric-based approach that is commonly used in oncologic surgery rather than a peritoneal-based one. A comprehensive appraisal of the cross sectional appearance of mesenteric anatomy and reconstruction of its in situ anatomical shape was performed. To overcome the innate challenges in communicating the mesenteric model of abdominal anatomy, digital sculpting techniques and three-dimensional printing were used to generate virtual and physical models of the mesentery. Results The mesentery (in its ex vivo and in situ state) is continuous from oesophagogastric junction to mesorectal level. In most cases, abdominal digestive organs are connected to the mesentery, rather than the abdominal wall. Moreover, the peritoneal landscape is explained by the mesenteric landscape. The human mesentery remains a continuous structure throughout development and does not become fragmented. The mesentery develops according to a set developmental program during which a foundation shape is acquired (primary mesenteric organogenesis) and undergoes subsequent alterations at a sub-regional level (secondary mesenteric organogenesis). Hence, the abdomen is organised along mesenteric lines, into two principal compartments: the mesenteric and non-mesenteric domain. This system of organisation is referred to as the mesenteric model of abdominal anatomy. Digital sculpting and three-dimensional printing were used to communicate results relating to mesenteric anatomy and development. Conclusions The findings reported in this thesis identify a new level of organisation of abdominal contents that may reconcile embryological, anatomical and surgical approaches to the abdomen. The classic model of mesenteric anatomy, which is complex and fragmented, may be replaced with a mesenteric-based model in which digestive organs are organised around a single mesentery that attaches to the posterior abdominal wall. Limitations were present in each arm of this study. For example, the anatomical study required excision of the mesentery and so its shape was altered. The embryological study required interpolation between stages. Lastly, some structures were challenging to identify during cross-sections analysis. However, collectively, findings from embryological, foetal, anatomical and cross-sectional analysis of the mesentery provide an opportunity to propose a definition for the mesentery: the organ that, in the embryo, supports development of all abdominal digestive organs, and following birth, maintains all abdominal digestive organs in position and in continuity with other systems. This system, which may be more broadly applied to mammalian species in general, requires further investigation. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher University of Limerick en_US
dc.subject mesenteric anatomy en_US
dc.subject anatomy en_US
dc.subject abdominal digestive organs en_US
dc.title The mesenteric-based model of abdominal compartmentalisation en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_theses_dissertations en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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