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Changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in response to COVID-19 and their associations with mental health in 3052 US adults

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Show simple item record Meyer, Jacob D. McDowell, Cillian P. Lansing, Jeni E. Brower, Cassandra S. Smith, Lee Tully, Mark Herring, Matthew P. 2020-09-23T09:35:12Z 2020-09-23T09:35:12Z 2020
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The COVID-19 pandemic altered many facets of life. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19-related public health guidelines on physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, mental health, and their interrelations. Cross-sectional data were collected from 3052 US adults 3–8 April 2020 (from all 50 states). Participants self-reported pre- and post-COVID-19 levels of moderate and vigorous PA, sitting, and screen time. Currently-followed public health guidelines, stress, loneliness, positive mental health (PMH), social connectedness, and depressive and anxiety symptoms were self-reported. Participants were grouped by meeting US PA guidelines, reporting≥8 h/day of sitting, or≥8h/day of screen time,pre-and post-COVID-19. Overall, 62% of participants were female, with age ranging from 18–24 (16.6% of sample) to 75+ (9.3%). Self-reported PA was lower post-COVID among participants reporting being previously active (mean change: −32.3% [95% CI: −36.3%, −28.1%]) but largely unchanged among previously inactive participants (+2.3% [−3.5%, +8.1%]). No longer meeting PA guidelines and increased screen time were associated with worse depression, loneliness, stress, and PMH (p < 0.001). Self-isolation/quarantine was associated with higher depressive and anxiety symptoms compared to social distancing (p < 0.001). Maintaining and enhancing physical activity participation and limiting screen time increases during abrupt societal changes may mitigate the mental health consequences. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Int.Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;17, 6469
dc.subject COVID en_US
dc.subject physical activity en_US
dc.subject screen time en_US
dc.subject sitting time en_US
dc.title Changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in response to COVID-19 and their associations with mental health in 3052 US adults en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/ijerph17186469
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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