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Profiling the health-related physical fitness of Irish adolescents: A school-level sociodemographic divide

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Show simple item record O'Keeffe, Brendan T. MacDonncha, Ciaran Purtill, Helen Donnelly, Alan Edward 2020-07-15T10:56:11Z 2020-07-15T10:56:11Z 2020
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background and aims Examining factors that may explain disparities in fitness levels mong youth is a critical step in youth fitness promotion. The purpose of this study was twofold; 1) to examine the influence of school-level characteristics on fitness test performance;2) to compare Irish adolescents’ physical fitness to European norms. Methods Adolescent s (n = 1215, girls = 609) aged 13.4 years (SD .41) from a randomised sample of 20 secondary schools, stratified for gender, location and educational (dis)advantage, completed a series of field-based tests to measure the components of health-related physical fitness. Tests included: body mass index; 20 metre shuttle run test (20 m SRT); handgrip strength; standing broad jump (SBJ); 4 x 10 metre shuttle run; and back-saver sit-and-reach (BSR). Results Overall, boys outperformed girls in all tests, aside from the BSR (p < 0.005, t-test, Bonferroni correction). Participants in designated disadvantaged schools had significantly higher body mass index levels (p < 0.001), and significantly lower cardiorespiratory endurance (20 m SRT) (p < 0.001) and muscular strength (handgrip strength) (p = 0.018) levels compared to participants in non-disadvantaged schools. When compared to European norms, girls in this study scored significantly higher in the 20 m SRT, 4 x 10 metre shuttle run and SBJ tests, while boys scored significantly higher in the BSR test (Cohen’s d 0.2 to 0.6, p < 0.001). However, European adolescents had significantly higher handgrip strength scores (Cohen’s d 0.6 to 0.8, p < 0.001). en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation GOIPG/2017/ 789 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLoS/ONE;0235293
dc.subject outperformed en_US
dc.subject school-level characteristics en_US
dc.title Profiling the health-related physical fitness of Irish adolescents: A school-level sociodemographic divide en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0235293
dc.contributor.sponsor BOK en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Government of Ireland Postgraduate Scholarship en_US
dc.relation.projectid GOIPG/2017/ 789 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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