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Mini PCNL over standard PCNL: what makes it better?

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dc.contributor.author Thapa, Bikash Bikram
dc.contributor.author Niranjan, Vikram
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-28T12:05:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-28T12:05:04Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/8577
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The incidence of small- and medium-size renal stones is rising. Stone clearance, bleeding, urine leak, and infectious complications are major concerns for urologists. They can choose the best technique from a list of armamentarium available. Minimally invasive approach like percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has significantly influenced renal stone management since 1976. Miniaturization of the instruments innovate more effective and safer alternatives for urolithasis management. The outcome of mini-PCNL is explored and compared with standard PCNL in this review. Original research articles were reviewed using a systematic approach (keyword electronic database search). Duplicates were excluded in each step and 19 original articles out of 156 hits were analyzed. Mini-PCNL has significantly less bleeding complications and hospital stay. There were no significant difference in stone free rate between mini-PCNL and standard PCNL. The stone-free rate and complications rates were less dependent on the technique of puncture, tract dilatation, and energy used to fragment stones. The total operative time became slightly longer in mini-PCNL attributed to the sheath size and stone fragments retrieval. We found that mini-PCNL is as effective as standard PCNL with fewer complications. Stone burden is the key factor responsible for overall stone-free rate. However, the recommendation is limited by quality of study and the sample sizes. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Thieme Publishing en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries The Surgery Journal;6 e19–e23
dc.subject nephrolithiasis en_US
dc.subject percutaneous en_US
dc.subject nephrolithotomy en_US
dc.title Mini PCNL over standard PCNL: what makes it better? en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1055/s-0040-1701225
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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