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The effect of wood composition and supercritical CO2 extraction on charcoal production in ferroalloy industries

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dc.contributor.author Surup, Gerrit Ralf
dc.contributor.author Hunt, Andrew J.
dc.contributor.author Attard, Thomas M.
dc.contributor.author Budarin, Vitaliy L.
dc.contributor.author Forsberg, Fredrik
dc.contributor.author Arshadi, Mehrdad
dc.contributor.author Abdelsayed, Victor
dc.contributor.author Shekhawat, Dushyant
dc.contributor.author Trubetskaya, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-03T08:21:44Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/8341
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract This work demonstrates that the integration of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction with slow pyrolysis is an effective method for the production of value-added chemicals and charcoal that is an attractive alternative to coke for industry. Integration of technologies is key for the development of holistic biorefineries that exploit all parts of the biomass feedstock and generate little or ideally no waste. In fact, the use of waste or low valued wood fractions is attractive due to their plentiful abundance and lack of exploitation. Supercritical carbon dioxide has been demonstrated to be effective at the removal of over half of extractives from low quality wood and forestry wastes, which can account for up to 11 wt %, of the dried biomass in waste needles. High extractive yields by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction illustrates the potential of utilizing low quality wood as an alternative feedstock for the sustainable production of value-added chemicals. High yields of steroids and derivatives, terpenes and other plant metabolites were obtained in the extracts of needles, branches and bark. Importantly, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction had little impact neither on the physical properties of original wood nor on the yield of solid charcoal. This indicates that extraction by supercritical carbon dioxide can be used as a method for adding further value to the process by removal of bio-based chemicals, whilst still maintaining the yield of the solid fuel product. Moreover, the heat treatment temperature and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction had a significant impact on the tar yields during pyrolysis, leading to an increase in naphthalene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic and phenolic fractions with greater temperature. These results are promising as they show that the charcoal obtained from this renewable feedstock could be used as an alternative to fossil-based coke in applications including ferroalloy industries. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energy;195, 116696
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116696
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Energy, 2020, 195, 116696,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116696 en_US
dc.subject biorefinery en_US
dc.subject pyrolysis en_US
dc.subject supercritical en_US
dc.subject sterols en_US
dc.subject solid fuels en_US
dc.title The effect of wood composition and supercritical CO2 extraction on charcoal production in ferroalloy industries en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.energy.2019.116696
dc.contributor.sponsor Kempe Foundation en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Thailand Research Fund en_US
dc.relation.projectid RSA6280031 en_US
dc.relation.projectid PERCH-CIC en_US
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2021-12-16
dc.embargo.terms 2021-12-16 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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