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Unemployment as a chronic stressor: a systematic review of cortisol studies

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Show simple item record Summer, Rachel C. Gallagher, Stephen 2019-11-27T09:50:18Z 2019-11-27T09:50:18Z 2017
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Objective: Unemployment is a type of chronic stressor that impacts human health. The reasons for how the stress of unemployment affect health is still a matter of discussion. One of the pathways from chronic stress to ill health is mediated by cortisol, and so we set out to compile extant data on how its secretion is affected by unemployment. Design: A systematic literature search was conducted to establish the cortisol dysregulatory effects of this stressor. Main outcome measures: Only studies that specifically examined the effects of unemployment on cortisol excretion, and were written in English were included. Results: Ten reports were obtained and synthesised to determine the severity and complexity of the effect of unemployment on cortisol secretion. The resulting combined evidence is mixed in terms of degree or dynamic of relationship. Conclusions: The differences between the cumulate findings of the studies can be understood in the context of the lack of both standardised methodology and an absence of consensus on unemployment definition. We propose existing methodologies may be strengthened by acknowledging and accounting for the individual characteristics that may be relevant to the stress experience of unemployment en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Psychology and Health;32 (3), pp. 289-311
dc.rights This is an Author's Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Psychology and Health 2017 copyright Taylor & Francis,, available online at: en_US
dc.subject chronic stress en_US
dc.subject cortisol en_US
dc.subject stress en_US
dc.subject systematic review en_US
dc.subject unemployment en_US
dc.title Unemployment as a chronic stressor: a systematic review of cortisol studies en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/08870446.2016.1247841
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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