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The presidency of the council of the European Union

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Show simple item record Häge, Frank M.
dc.contributor.editor Derek Beach 2019-11-26T15:03:50Z 2019
dc.identifier.citation Häge, FM (2019) 'The Presidency of the Council of the European Union' In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford : Oxford University Press. en_US
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description The full text of this article will not be available in ULIR until the embargo expires on the 31/10/2021
dc.description.abstract The Presidency plays a crucial role in the management and organisation of the Council’s work and the institution’s interactions with third parties. Formally, the Presidency just chairs the meetings of Council bodies; but over time, member states have endowed it with a range of procedural prerogatives to structure the Council’s agenda and broker agreements, which post holders can potentially use to advance their own private interests. The potential for abuse of these powers raises two related questions: first, why would member states grant these powers to the Presidency; and second, is the Presidency actually able to use these powers to advance its own priorities and policy preferences? In response to the first question, functionalist theories suggest that member states delegate powers to the Presidency to reduce transaction costs and solve collective action. Member states grant the Presidency procedural prerogatives and provide it with administrative resources to ensure an efficient management of the Council’s agenda, avoid inadvertent negotiation failure or sub-optimal negotiation outcomes, and provide adequate representation of the institution vis-à-vis external actors (Tallberg 2006, 2010). Another theory suggests that the Presidency acts as an adjudicator of the legitimacy of demands for concessions by member states that find themselves in the minority but claim to experience strong domestic pressures for non-compliance. By making impartial and thus credible recommendations about whether the formal voting rule or consensus decision-making should apply in these situations, the Presidency contributes to the long-term sustainability of international cooperation (Kleine 2013b, 2013a). The two explanatory accounts disagree about whether the growing role of the Presidency reflects an incremental accumulation of powers over time in response to new tasks or just an extension of already existing powers into new areas. Historical research on the development of Presidency powers could shed more light on this topic. Responses to the second question about the actual influence of the Presidency can be distinguished according to whether they relate to the Presidency’s scheduling power or to its proposal-making power (Häge, 2017). Control over the schedule and agenda of meetings, as well as the time devoted to different issues during a meeting, allows the Presidency to affect the relative allocation of attention to different policies. Allowing the Presidency to structure the agenda according to its own priorities comes with tangible collective benefits while resulting in little redistributive costs for other member states. In contrast, the Presidency’s exercise of proposal-making power, through its first-mover advantage, control over the negotiation text, and its privilege to call a vote or declare consensus, leads to biased negotiation outcomes with little or no benefits for member states but direct and tangible redistributive consequences. Thus, the Presidency’s prerogatives are largely based on informal norms and behavioral practices, which can always be superseded by recourse to formal rules. However, member states have little incentive to do so when the Presidency exercises its scheduling power but ample if it exercises its proposal-making power. Existing empirical research provides clear evidence that the Presidency can exercise both scheduling power and proposal-making power at least to some extent and under certain conditions. Interesting questions for future research relate to the overall size and prevalence of the effects of the Presidency’s powers, the mechanisms through which these effects are generated, as well as the conditions that explain their variation over time, across policy areas, and member state characteristics. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en_US
dc.rights This is a author-produced PDF of a book chapter accepted for publication in in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics edited by Derek Beach following peer review. The version of record [insert complete citation information here is available online at: en_US
dc.subject presidency en_US
dc.subject council of the European Union en_US
dc.subject institutional development en_US
dc.subject delegation en_US
dc.subject multilateral negotiations en_US
dc.subject agenda-setting en_US
dc.subject bargaining brokerage en_US
dc.subject scheduling power en_US
dc.subject proposal making power en_US
dc.subject principal-agent theory en_US
dc.title The presidency of the council of the European Union en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US 2019-11-22T11:50:12Z
dc.description.version ACCEPTED
dc.identifier.doi 2021-10-31
dc.embargo.terms 2021-10-31 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2935125
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No
dc.identifier.journaltitle Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
dc.description.status Peer reviewed

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