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A hot-cold cognitive model of depression: Integrating the neuropsychological approach into the cognitive theory framework

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dc.contributor.author Ahern, Elayne
dc.contributor.author Bockting, Claudi L.H
dc.contributor.author Semkovska, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-03T07:34:26Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-03T07:34:26Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/8094
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: In the 50 years following Beck’s cognitive theory, empirical research has consistently supported the role of dysfunctional, ‘hot’ cognition in the onset and maintenance of major depressive disorder. Compromised ‘cold’ cognition in attention, memory, and executive control abilities, independent of the affective state, has attracted much clinical interest for its role throughout the course of illness and into remission. We propose integrating cold cognition into Beck’s cognitive theory framework to account for the complementary roles of both hot and cold cognition in depression onset and maintenance. Method: A critical review of cognitive research was conducted to inform an integrated hot-cold cognitive model of depression. Results: Cold cognitive deficits likely act as a gateway to facilitate the activation and expression of the hot cognitive biases through a weakened ability to attend, retrieve, and critically assess information. Cold deficits become exacerbated by the negative mood state, essentially ‘becoming hot’, lending to maladaptive emotion regulation through ruminative processes. Depleted cognitive resources contribute to the manifestation of further deficit in problem-solving ability in everyday life, which in itself, may act as a stressor for the onset of recurrent episodes, perpetuating the depressive cycle. Conclusion: We discuss the interaction between hot and cold cognition within the cognitive theory framework and the potential of complementary hot-cold pathways to elucidate novel means of prevention and treatment for depression. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher PsychOpen en_US
dc.relation GOIPG/2018/1729 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Clinical Psychology in Europe;1(3), e34396
dc.subject cognition en_US
dc.subject cognitive behavioural therapy en_US
dc.subject cognitive control en_US
dc.subject cognitive dysfunction en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject emotion regulation en_US
dc.title A hot-cold cognitive model of depression: Integrating the neuropsychological approach into the cognitive theory framework en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.32872/cpe.v1i3.34396
dc.contributor.sponsor IRC en_US
dc.relation.projectid GOIPG/2018/1729 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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