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Relative age influences performance of world-class track and field athletes even in the adulthood

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dc.contributor.author Brustio, Paolo Riccardo
dc.contributor.author Kearney, Philip Edward
dc.contributor.author Lupo, Corrado
dc.contributor.author Ungureanu, Alexandru Nicolae
dc.contributor.author Mulasso, Anna
dc.contributor.author Rainoldi, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Boccia, Gennaro
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-03T08:50:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-03T08:50:02Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/7907
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The relative age effect (RAE) is a common phenomenon observed in youth sports and is characterized by a significant over-representation of athletes born close to the date of selection. However, there is a lack of research on RAE in world-class track and field athletes and it is not clear if this effect persists into adulthood. Thus, this study examined for the first time the prevalence and magnitude of RAE at world class level in all track and field disciplines. Birthdates of 39,590 athletes (51.6% females) ranked in the International Association of Athletics Federations top 100 official lists between 2007 and 2018 season of Under 18, Under 20, and Senior categories were collected. Under 18 and Under 20 athletes born in the first week of the year are about 2 to 3.5 times more likely to be included in the top-100 ranking than the athletes born in the last week of the year. RAE was overall larger inmale compared to female athletes. In some disciplines (e.g., throwing events) RAE persists in Senior category. These findings suggest that in some disciplines relatively younger athletes may have less chances of reaching world-class performances even in the adulthood. Governing bodies should reflect upon their policies for athlete support and selection to minimize the RAE. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en_US
dc.relation AR en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology;10 1395
dc.subject relative age effect en_US
dc.subject birthdate distribution en_US
dc.subject selection bias en_US
dc.subject talent en_US
dc.subject athlete development en_US
dc.title Relative age influences performance of world-class track and field athletes even in the adulthood en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01395
dc.contributor.sponsor Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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