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Valorization of lignin in polymer and composite systems for advanced engineering applications - a review

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dc.contributor.author Collins, Maurice N.
dc.contributor.author Nechifor, Mărioara
dc.contributor.author Tanasă, Fulga
dc.contributor.author Zănoagă, Mădălina
dc.contributor.author McLoughlin, Anne
dc.contributor.author Stróżyk, Michał Adam
dc.contributor.author Culebras, Mario
dc.contributor.author Teacă, Carmen-Alice
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T14:24:46Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.issn 0141-8130
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/7822
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description The full text of this article will not be available in ULIR until the embargo expires on the 11/03/2020
dc.description.abstract As fossil fuel resources dwindle and new regulations for a cleaner and safer environment come on stream, there is growing interest in developing new sustainable feedstocks for future fuels, chemicals, polymers and fibers. Therefore materials research is ever more focused on the production of green or bio-based materials and their composites. Lignocellulosic biomass has become the feedstock of choice for these new materials as cellulose and lignin are the most abundant biopolymers on the planet. Lignin is a phenolic macromolecule, the principal biological source of aromatic structures, with a complex structure which varies depending on plant species and its isolation process. Despite its high carbon content and its potential as a raw material, lignin remains underutilised. Between 40 and 50 million tons of lignin are produced worldwide per year; while some is being used for low- and medium-value applications, most is currently treated as a non-commercialized by-product or as low value fuel to produce energy. However, with the emergence of biorefinery projects larger amounts of lignin with the potential for valorisation are being produced. Here, we summarise some of the latest developments in the field. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation 720707 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Biological Macromolecules;131, pp. 828-849
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Bioloigcal Macromolecules. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Biological macromolecules, 2019, 131, pp. 828-849, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.03.069 en_US
dc.subject Applications en_US
dc.subject Blends en_US
dc.subject Composites en_US
dc.subject Lignin en_US
dc.title Valorization of lignin in polymer and composite systems for advanced engineering applications - a review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2019-05-09T14:11:29Z
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.03.069
dc.contributor.sponsor ERC en_US
dc.relation.projectid 720707 en_US
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2020-03-11
dc.embargo.terms 2020-03-11 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2902116
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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