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Fly ash from poultry litter gasification - can it be utilised in agriculture systems as a fertiliser?

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Show simple item record Pandey, Daya Shankar Kwapinska, Marzena Leahy, James J. Kwapinski, Witold 2019-04-23T08:59:40Z 2019-04-23T08:59:40Z 2019
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Fly ash from a poultry litter gasification process and the potential of application of the fly ash as a fertiliser in line with the poultry litter protocol is investigated. The fines collected in the cyclone are mainly formed by ash which comprises between 70-83 wt.% of the fines on a dry basis, and to a lesser extent of carbon (elutriated char). The effect of the gasification operating conditions on the concentration of ash forming elements (inorganic compounds) in the fly ash, are discussed. In addition, the enrichment factor which defines the volatility, has been used and fly ash elements were categorised as Class I (non-volatile), Class II (semi-volatile with the possible occurrence of condensation) and Class III (highly volatile elements). Inorganic elements in fly ashes from poultry litter gasification experiments are categorised as Class I: Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Class II: Cd, Cr, Mo and Class III: Pb and Se. It has been found that the fly ash from the poultry litter gasification exceeds the upper acceptable limit set by Poultry Litter Protocol to be used as a fertiliser in agriculture systems en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/289887 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energy Procedia;161, pp. 38-46
dc.subject fly ash en_US
dc.subject poultry litter en_US
dc.title Fly ash from poultry litter gasification - can it be utilised in agriculture systems as a fertiliser? en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.056
dc.contributor.sponsor ERC en_US
dc.relation.projectid 289887 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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