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Low temperature gasification of poultry litter in a lab-scale fluidized reactor

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dc.contributor.author Katsaros, Giannis
dc.contributor.author Pandey, Daya Shankar
dc.contributor.author Horvat, Alen
dc.contributor.author Tassou, Savvas
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-27T14:42:29Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-27T14:42:29Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/7727
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Low temperature gasification of poultry litter (PL) was experimentally studied in a lab scale fluidized bed reactor. The experiments were carried out at three different equivalence ratios (ER) of 0.17; 0.21; 0.25 and temperature 700 °C, to investigate its impact on cold gas efficiency (CGE), carbon conversion efficiency (CCE), gas yield, lower calorific value (LCV), and tar evolution. Maximum CGE and LCV of the produced gas was 43.4% and 3.34 MJ/m3 respectively at an ER of 0.25. The maximum CCE of 72% was attained at the highest value of ER (0.25). The gas yield showed an increasing trend with ER reaching its highest value of ~1 m3/kgdaf N2 free. Highest amount of total tar was 2.41 g/Nm3 in the dry gas at the lowest tested ER. Styrene- xylene, phenol, and naphthalene, were the components with the highest concentrations of up to 30%, whilst the tar compounds detected but couldn’t be identified ranged between 25-30% with respect to the total tar yield. The average compositions of the main components in permanent gases (vol %, dry basis) at the indicative value of the lowest ER were as follows: H2:7.87%, CH4:2.04%, CO: 6.37%, CO2:11.47%, C2H4:1%, and C2H6:0.22. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energy Procedia;161, pp. 67-65
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.058
dc.subject poultry litter en_US
dc.subject gasification en_US
dc.subject fluidized bed en_US
dc.subject tars en_US
dc.title Low temperature gasification of poultry litter in a lab-scale fluidized reactor en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.058
dc.contributor.sponsor Research Councils UK en_US
dc.relation.projectid EP/K011820/1 en_US
dc.relation.projectid EP/P004636/1 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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