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Prevalence of self‐reported chronic pain among adolescents: evidence from 42 countries and regions

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Show simple item record Gobina, Inese Villberg, Jari Välimaa, Raili Tynjälä, Jorma Whitehead, Ross Cosma, Alina Brooks, Fiona Cavallo, Franco Ng, Kwok W. Gaspar de Matos, Margarida Villerusa, Anita 2019-02-04T15:20:44Z 2019
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background Reports of the overall chronic pain prevalence and its associated demographic characteristics among adolescents vary greatly across existing studies. Using internationally comparable data, this study investigates age, sex and country‐level effects in the prevalence of chronic single‐site and multi‐site pain among adolescents during the last six months preceding the survey. Methods Data (n = 214,283) from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School‐aged Children (HBSC) study were used including nationally representative samples of 11‐, 13‐ and 15‐year‐olds from general schools in 42 participating countries. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used. Results The overall proportion of adolescents reporting chronic weekly pain during the last six months was high (44.2%). On average, in comparison with different specific localized types of single‐site pain, the prevalence of multi‐site pain was more common varying from 13.2% in Armenia to 33.8% in Israel. Adolescent age and sex were strong predictors for reporting pain, but significantly different demographic patterns were found in the cross‐country analyses. The most consistent findings indicate that multi‐site pain was more prevalent among girls across all countries and that the prevalence increased with age. Conclusions Internationally comparable data suggest that self‐reported chronic pain among adolescents is highly prevalent, but different age and sex patterns across countries exist. Adolescents with chronic pain are not a homogenous group. Chronic pain co‐occurrence and differences in chronic pain characteristics should be addressed in both clinical and public health practice for effective adolescent chronic pain management and prevention Significance Chronic pain co‐occurrence is common during adolescence across countries, the prevalence being among girls and in older age groups. Significant cross‐country variations in the chronic pain prevalence and chronic pain patterns among adolescents exist. Significant country differences emerge for specific chronic pain patterns in association with adolescent demographics. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Wiley and Sons Ltd en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries European Journal of Pain;23 (2), pp. 316-326
dc.rights This is the peer reviewed version of the following article : Prevalence of self‐reported chronic pain among adolescents: evidence from 42 countries and regionsInese Gobina , Jari Villberg , Raili Välimaa , Jorma Tynjälä , Ross Whitehead , Alina Cosma , Fiona Brooks , Franco Cavallo , Kwok Ng , Margarida Gaspar de Matos , Anita Villerusa, European Journal of Pain, 2019, 23 (2), pp. 316-326 , which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
dc.subject chronic pain en_US
dc.subject multi-site pain en_US
dc.subject adolescents en_US
dc.subject HBSC study en_US
dc.title Prevalence of self‐reported chronic pain among adolescents: evidence from 42 countries and regions en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/ejp.1306 2019-08-11
dc.embargo.terms 2019-08-11 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2861396

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