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Supporting a sugar tax in New Zealand: sugar sweetened beverage (`fizzy drink') consumption as a normal behaviour within the obesogenic environment

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Show simple item record Robertson, Kirsten Thyne, Maree Green, James A. 2018-11-22T15:36:09Z 2018-11-22T15:36:09Z 2018
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background. Excessive intake of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a preventable cause of death. While some countries have implemented a tax on SSBs, other countries, such as New Zealand, rely on industry self-regulation and individual responsibility, such as referring to labels, to control one's own sugar intake from SSBs. The present study examines whether SSB consumers consciously control their diet and therefore interventions such as better labelling might be effective, or alternatively, whether SSB consumers engage in a general pattern of unhealthy eating, and in which case government regulation would be advisable. Aim. To explore self-reported dietary consumption and conscious healthy eating behaviours of New Zealand consumers who had consumed SSBs over a 24 hour period. Method. A cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 2007 New Zealanders, measuring their food and beverage intake over a 24 hour period and self-reported intentions to eat healthily. Within this was a measurement of SSB consumption in the 24 hour period. Results. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that compared to non-SSB consumers, SSB consumers were more likely to have eaten the following: confectionery; fast food; pre-prepared food; biscuits, cakes or pastries; takeaways; ice-cream/dessert. SSB consumption was also associated with a lower likelihood of referring to food labels, less conscious effort to eat healthily, and to less likely to avoid: sugar; fat; calories; food additives; pre-prepared food. SSB consumers were also less likely to have eaten breakfast, or made a meal at home made from scratch. Conclusion. SSB consumers were more likely than non-SSB consumers to demonstrate a general pattern of unhealthy eating and were less likely to report consciously controlling their diet. The findings raise significant concerns regarding the efficacy of individual and industry self-regulation and lend support to stronger government targeted interventions. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher PeerJ en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries PeerJ;6:e5821
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject sugar en_US
dc.subject soft drink en_US
dc.subject fizzy drink en_US
dc.subject healthy eating en_US
dc.subject dietary control en_US
dc.subject sugar sweetened beverage en_US
dc.title Supporting a sugar tax in New Zealand: sugar sweetened beverage (`fizzy drink') consumption as a normal behaviour within the obesogenic environment en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.7717/peerj.5821
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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