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HIV testing and counselling experiences: a qualitative study of older adults living with HIV in western Kenya

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Show simple item record Kiplagat, Jepchirchir Huschke, Susann 2018-11-14T12:05:31Z 2018-11-14T12:05:31Z 2018
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Finding HIV infected persons and engaging them in care is crucial in achieving UNAIDS 90–90-90 targets; diagnosing 90% of those infected with HIV, initiating 90% of the diagnosed on ART and achieving viral suppression in 90% of those on ART. To achieve the first target, no person should be left behind in their access to HIV testing services. In Kenya, HIV prevention and testing services give less emphasis on older adults. This article describes HIV testing experiences of older adults living with HIV and how their age shaped their interaction and treatment received during HIV testing and diagnosis. Methods: We conducted a qualitative study in two HIV clinics (rural and urban) in western Kenya, and recruited 57 HIV infected persons aged ≥50 years. We conducted in depth interviews (IDIs) with 25 participants and 4 focus group discussions (FGDs) with a total of 32 participants and audio recorded all the sessions. Participants recruited were aged between 54 and 79 years with 43% being females. We transcribed audio records and analyzed the data using thematic content analysis method. Results: Older persons’ experiences with HIV testing depended on where they tested (hospital or community setting); whether they actively sought the testing or not; and the age and gender of the healthcare provider who conducted the test. Participants expressed concerns with ageist discrimination when actively seeking HIV care testing services in hospital settings, characterized by providers’ reluctance or refusal to test. The testing and counseling sessions were described as short and hurried within the hospital settings, whereas the interactions with service providers in home-based testing were experienced as appropriate and supportive. Participants in this study expressed preference for healthcare providers who were older and of similar gender. Conclusion: HIV testing services are still not tailored to target older adults’ needs in our setting resulting in late diagnosis among older persons. We argue that a scale-up of community level testing services that provide adequate testing and counselling time and actively reach out to older adults is key to attaining the UNAIDS targets of having 90% of PLWH know their status en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher BMC en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Geriatrics;18:257
dc.subject older adults en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.subject HIV testing en_US
dc.subject ageism en_US
dc.subject subjective experiences en_US
dc.title HIV testing and counselling experiences: a qualitative study of older adults living with HIV in western Kenya en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s12877-018-0941-x
dc.contributor.sponsor African Population and Health Research Center en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Wellcome Trust en_US
dc.relation.projectid B 8606.R02 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 54100029 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 107768/Z/15/Z en_US
dc.relation.projectid 107768/Z/15/Z en_US
dc.relation.projectid AID-623-A-12-0001 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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