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Mantra meditation for mental health in the general population: a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Lynch, Julie
dc.contributor.author Prihodova, Lucia
dc.contributor.author Dunne, Pádraic J.
dc.contributor.author Carroll, Áine
dc.contributor.author Walsh, Cathal Dominic
dc.contributor.author McMahon, Geraldine
dc.contributor.author White, Barry
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-08T12:21:07Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-08T12:21:07Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/7292
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Meditation has attracted increased attention in the literature as a non-pharmacological strategy to foster positive mental health amongst the general population. This systematic review aims to summarise studies of mantra meditation (which includes Transcendental Meditation, TM®) to understand its potential value in fostering positive mental health and alleviating negative affectivity in non-clinical populations. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for English language, peer-reviewed empirical studies (published between 1970 and 2018) that related to mantra meditation, reported at least one outcome of mental health and utilised healthy, non-clinical populations. Studies were assessed for quality and risk of bias using the Quality Appraisal Tool for Quantitative Studies (QATQS). Data abstraction was facilitated by a tailored data extraction form. Results: A total of 2171 records were identified, of which 37 were included in this review. Studies report on outcomes of anxiety, stress, depression, burnout, anger and psychological distress. 78% of studies utilised the TM programme. Findings indicate that mantra meditation interventions may have minimal to moderate beneficial effects on mental health in general populations. Over 90% of studies were considered to be of weak quality. Conclusions: There is some evidence that mantra meditation can improve mental health and negative affectivity in non-clinical populations, however poor study quality may hinder the extent to which one can be certain about the accuracy of these findings. Mantra meditation may be considered a useful adjunct to workplace wellbeing initiatives or educational programmes. Further studies of higher quality that incorporate cost-effectiveness analyses are warranted. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries European Journal of Integrative Medicine;23, pp. 101-108
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2018.09.010
dc.subject mantra en_US
dc.subject meditation en_US
dc.subject mental health en_US
dc.subject review en_US
dc.title Mantra meditation for mental health in the general population: a systematic review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.eujim.2018.09.010
dc.contributor.sponsor HRB en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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