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Predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors for physical activity in boys and girls from socially disadvantaged communities

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dc.contributor.author Noonan, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Boddy, Lynne M.
dc.contributor.author Knowles, Zoe R.
dc.contributor.author Fairclough, Stuart J.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-25T13:42:57Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-25T13:42:57Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/7163
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Objective: This study investigated relative associations between physical activity and selected predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors among 9-10 year-old children from socially disadvantaged communities, and examined the extent to which associations varied by sex. Design: Cross-sectional design Setting: Ten public primary schools in Liverpool, England. Methods: One hundred-ninety-four children (107 girls) completed measures of stature, body mass, waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness. Physical activity, physical activity self-efficacy, perceived physical competence, and parental physical activity support were self-reported. Sex-specific associations were examined by multiple linear regression and mediator analyses using bootstrapping method. Results: Boys’ physical activity was positively associated with parental physical activity support and perceived physical competence (p<0.01), whereas girls’ physical activity was positively associated with parental physical activity support and physical activity self-efficacy (p<0.01). Sex-specific mediation analyses revealed that perceived physical competence and physical activity self-efficacy partially mediated the association between parental physical activity support and boys’ and girls’ physical activity, respectively. Conclusion: As parents influence child physical activity directly and indirectly their involvement in future child physical activity intervention programmes is essential. Formative research with parents living in socially disadvantaged communities is warranted to explore the range and interaction of challenges they face to support different modes of physical activity participation for their children. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher SAGE Publications en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Health Education Journal;pp. 1-14
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1177/0017896918792690
dc.subject physical activity en_US
dc.subject parent support en_US
dc.subject physical competence en_US
dc.subject self-efficacy en_US
dc.subject social disadvantage en_US
dc.title Predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors for physical activity in boys and girls from socially disadvantaged communities en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0017896918792690
dc.contributor.sponsor Liverpool John Moores University en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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