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Biobased structurally compatible polymer blends based on lignin and thermoplastic elastomer polyurethane as carbon fiber precursors

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dc.contributor.author Culebras, Mario
dc.contributor.author Beaucamp, Anne
dc.contributor.author Wang, Yan
dc.contributor.author Clauss, Manuel M.
dc.contributor.author Frank, Erik
dc.contributor.author Collins, Maurice N.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-25T08:21:34Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6912
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The production of carbon fibers based on lignin reduces the cost and the environmental impact associated with carbon fiber manufacture. However, the melt processing of lignin as a carbon fiber precursor is challenging due to its brittleness and limited thermoplastic behavior. For this reason we produce biopolymer blends based on Alcell organosolv hardwood lignin, hydroxypropyl modified Kraft hardwood and a thermoplastic elastomer polyurethane (TPU). Samples with TPU content greater than 30 % showed excellent melt processability and carbonization yield (35 % carbon yield for the samples containing 30 % of TPU). The thermal properties were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry, rheology and thermogravimetric analysis. Fourier infrared measurements were utilised to explain the lignin/TPU interactions which governed the thermal and rheological behaviour of the blends. SEM analysis showed that the blends produce a homogeneous structure which was void free after carbonization. These structurally complimentary biopolymeric blends should open up new avenues for lignin valorization and bring closer the realization of the production of carbon fibers from biosources. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher American Chemical Society en_US
dc.relation 720707 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering; 6 (7), pp. 8816-8825
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01170
dc.subject biopolymers en_US
dc.subject carbon fibers en_US
dc.subject lignin en_US
dc.subject polyurethane en_US
dc.subject thermal properties en_US
dc.title Biobased structurally compatible polymer blends based on lignin and thermoplastic elastomer polyurethane as carbon fiber precursors en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01170
dc.contributor.sponsor ERC en_US
dc.relation.projectid 720707 en_US
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2019-05-16
dc.embargo.terms 2019-05-16 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2869520
dc.internal.rssid 2856652


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