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Muscle activity in sprinting: a review

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dc.contributor.author Howard, Róisín Marie
dc.contributor.author Conway, Richard
dc.contributor.author Harrison, Andrew J.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-29T11:00:20Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6875
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The use of electromyography (EMG) is widely recognised as a valuable tool for enhancing the understanding of performance drivers and potential injury risk in sprinting. The timings of muscle activations relative to running gait cycle phases and the technology used to obtain muscle activation data during sprinting are of particular interest to scientists and coaches. This review examined the main muscles being analysed by surface EMG (sEMG), their activations and timing, and the technologies used to gather sEMG during sprinting. Electronic databases were searched using 'Electromyography' OR 'EMG' AND 'running' OR sprinting'. Based on inclusion criteria, 18 articles were selected for review. While sEMG is widely used in biomechanics, relatively few studies have used sEMG in sprinting due to system constraints. The results demonstrated a focus on the leg muscles, with over 70% of the muscles analysed in the upper leg. This is consistent with the use of tethered and data logging EMG systems and many sprints being performed on treadmills. Through the recent advances in wireless EMG technology, an increase in the studies on high velocity movements such as sprinting is expected and this should allow practitioners to perform the analysis in an ecologically valid environment. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sports Mechanics;17 (1), pp. 1-17
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2016.1252790
dc.rights This is an Author's Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Sports Biomechanics 2107 Taylor & Francis, available online at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2016.1252790 en_US
dc.subject Gait/locomotion en_US
dc.subject running en_US
dc.subject EMG en_US
dc.subject track events en_US
dc.subject injury en_US
dc.subject gait/locomotion en_US
dc.title Muscle activity in sprinting: a review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2018-05-29T10:52:12Z
dc.description.version ACCEPTED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/14763141.2016.1252790
dc.contributor.sponsor IRC en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Analog Devices en_US
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2018-08-28
dc.embargo.terms 2018-08-28 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2737598
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle Sports Biomechanics
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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