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MedFit app, a behavior-changing, theoretically informed mobile app for patient self-management of cardiovascular disease: user-centered development

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dc.contributor.author Duff, Orlaith Mairead
dc.contributor.author Walsh, Deirdre M.J.
dc.contributor.author Malone, Shona
dc.contributor.author McDermott, Lauri
dc.contributor.author Furlong, Bróna A.
dc.contributor.author O'Connor, Noel E.
dc.contributor.author Moran, Kieran A.
dc.contributor.author Woods, Catherine B.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-17T15:04:06Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-17T15:04:06Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6843
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: The MedFit app is designed to facilitate participation of people with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in an exercise-based rehabilitation program remotely. This paper details the development for the MedFit app. Objective: The aim of this research was to develop a behavior change, theoretically informed exercise rehabilitation mobile app for adults with CVD by following the early stages of the formative research: development and feasibility testing. Methods: Adhering to the mobile health (mHealth) development evaluation framework, the stages of the formative research process including (1) development and (2) feasibility were undertaken. The content and format of the MedFit app were developed based on (1) theory, (2) usability testing, and (3) content design. Results: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to identify the most appropriate theories from which to develop the app. This led to the creation of the MedFit app. The app went through iterative rounds of usability focus group testing with adults with CVD to provide feedback on the app. This process was framed by the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology model. Feedback was then translated into feasible technical improvements to be executed through close collaboration with the technical team, who adapted and made modifications to the app based on this codesign process. Conclusions: The formative research process of the app development involved theoretical underpinning, usability testing, and content design. mHealth interventions may play a key role in the future of health care, potentially addressing the barriers to participation in cardiac rehabilitation. This work will provide guidance for future research aiming to develop mobile apps by incorporating a best practice framework for mHealth intervention development and a user-centered design approach. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher JMIR Publications en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries JMIR Formative Research;2 (1), e8
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/formative.9550
dc.subject app development en_US
dc.subject cardiac rehabilitation en_US
dc.subject telemedicine en_US
dc.subject exercise en_US
dc.subject mHealth en_US
dc.subject focus groups en_US
dc.subject usability testing en_US
dc.title MedFit app, a behavior-changing, theoretically informed mobile app for patient self-management of cardiovascular disease: user-centered development en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.2196/formative.9550
dc.contributor.sponsor SFI en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Acquis Bi en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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