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Faster, higher, stronger, older: relative age effects are most influential during the youngest age grade of track and field athletics in the United Kingdom

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dc.contributor.author Kearney, Philip Edward
dc.contributor.author Hayes, Philip R.
dc.contributor.author Nevill, Alan M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-28T09:15:37Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-28T09:15:37Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6686
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The relative age effect (RAE) is a common phenomenon in youth sport, whereby children born early in the selection year are more likely to experience success and to sustain participation. There is a lack of research investigating variables which influence RAEs within track and field athletics. Such information is vital to guide policies in relation to competition structure, youth development squads and coach education. A database of competition results was analysed to determine the extent to which RAEs were present in track and field athletics in the United Kingdom. Subsequent analyses examined whether age, sex, event and skill level influenced the RAE. Examination of 77,571 records revealed that RAEs were widespread, but most pronounced during Under 13 (U13) competitions; that is, during athletes’ first exposure to formal track and field competition. Sex, event and skill level further influenced the existence and magnitude of RAEs at different age grades. Relative age is a key influencing factor within track and field athletics, especially at the youngest age category. Consequently, national governing bodies need to consider what administrative and stakeholder initiatives are necessary to minimise the effects of RAEs on young athletes’ early experiences of competition. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Sports Sciences: 36 (20), pp. 2282-2288
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1449093
dc.rights This is an Author's Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Journal of Sports Sciences 2018 copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1449093 en_US
dc.subject youth sport en_US
dc.subject talent en_US
dc.subject coaching en_US
dc.title Faster, higher, stronger, older: relative age effects are most influential during the youngest age grade of track and field athletics in the United Kingdom en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/02640414.2018.1449093
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2863443


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