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HIV testing and counseling among female sex workers: a systematic literature review

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dc.contributor.author Tokar, Anna
dc.contributor.author Broerse, Jacqueline E. W.
dc.contributor.author Blanchard, James
dc.contributor.author Roura, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-26T09:42:48Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-26T09:42:48Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6608
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract HIV testing uptake continues to be low among Female Sex Workers (FSWs). We synthesizes evidence on barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among FSW as well as frequencies of testing, willingness to test, and return rates to collect results. We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS databases for articles published in English between January 2000 and November 2017. Out of 5036 references screened, we retained 36 papers. The two barriers to HIV testing most commonly reported were financial and time costs—including low income, transportation costs, time constraints, and formal/informal payments—as well as the stigma and discrimination ascribed to HIV positive people and sex workers. Social support facilitated testing with consistently higher uptake amongst married FSWs and women who were encouraged to test by peers and managers. The consistent finding that social support facilitated HIV testing calls for its inclusion into current HIV testing strategies addressed at FSW. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries AIDS and Behavior;
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2043-3
dc.subject HIV diagnosis en_US
dc.subject HIV testing en_US
dc.subject female sex workers (FSWs) en_US
dc.subject systematic review en_US
dc.title HIV testing and counseling among female sex workers: a systematic literature review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10461-018-2043-3
dc.contributor.sponsor TransGlobal Health Program en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca Regional Government of Catalonia en_US
dc.relation.projectid RYC-2011-08428 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 2014SGR26 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 2013-0039 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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