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The incidence of injury in amateur male rugby union: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Show simple item record Yeomans, Caithríona Kenny, Ian C. Cahalan, Róisin Máire Warrington, Giles D. Harrison, Andrew J. Hayes, Kevin Lyons, Mark Campbell, Mark J. Comyns, Thomas M. 2018-01-10T09:25:13Z 2018-01-10T09:25:13Z 2018
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background Rugby union is a physically demanding, fullcontact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players. Objective The aim of the current review was to systematically review the available evidence on the epidemiology of time-loss injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players and to subsequently conduct a meta-analysis of the findings. Methods A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Scopus, SportDiscus and Google Scholar electronic databases was performed using the following keywords; (‘rugby’ OR ‘rugby union’) AND (‘amateur’ OR ‘community’) AND(‘injur*’ OR ‘pain*’). Six articles regarding the incidence of injury in senior amateur male rugby union players, in both matches and training, were retrieved and included in the meta-analysis to determine the overall incidence rate of match injury, with descriptive analyses also provided for other reported variables. Results The overall incidence rate of match injuries within senior amateur rugby union players was 46.8/1000 player hours [95% confidence interval (CI) 34.4–59.2]. Contact events accounted for the majority of injuries, with the tackler more at risk than the player being tackled, and with respective incidence rates of 15.9/1000 player hours (95% CI 12.4–19.5) and 12.2/1000 player hours (95% CI 9.3–15.1). Conclusion This meta-analysis found that the incidence rate of injury in amateur rugby union players was lower than that in professional players, but higher than the incidences reported in adolescent and youth rugby players. By understanding the true incidence and nature of injuries in rugby, injury prevention strategies can best be implemented. Future prevention strategies may best be aimed towards the tackle area, specifically to the tackler, in order to minimize injury risk. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sports Medicine; 48, pp. 837-848
dc.subject incidence en_US
dc.subject injury en_US
dc.subject amature en_US
dc.subject male rugby union en_US
dc.subject systematic review en_US
dc.subject meta-analysis en_US
dc.title The incidence of injury in amateur male rugby union: a systematic review and meta-analysis en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s40279-017-0838-4
dc.contributor.sponsor Irish Rugby Football Union en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor University of Limerick en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2739400

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