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Enhanced removal of acetaminophen from synthetic wastewater using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) chemically modified with NaOH, HNO3/H2SO4, ozone, and/or chitosan

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dc.contributor.author Yanyan, Lin
dc.contributor.author Kurniawan, Tonni Agustiono
dc.contributor.author Albadarin, Ahmad B.
dc.contributor.author Walker, Gavin M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-09T14:31:38Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6417
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description The full text of this article will not be available in ULIR until the embargo expires on the 16/12/2019
dc.description.abstract This study investigates the technical feasibility of MWCNTs for acetaminophen (Ace) removal from synthetic wastewater in batch mode. To improve their removal performance, the surface of the MWCNTs was chemically modified with NaOH, HNO3/H2SO4, ozone and/or chitosan. The effects of pertinent parameters such as reaction time, dose, pH, and agitation speed on the Ace removal were evaluated. Their removal performance on Ace was compared to those of previous studies. The adsorption mechanisms of Ace removal by the MWCNTs are also presented. It is evident from this study that after chemical modification on its surface, the treated nano-adsorbent significantly enhanced Ace removal from wastewater. Among all types of those adsorbents, the ozone-treated MWCNT stands out for the highest Ace removal (95%) under the same initial Ace concentration of 10 mg/L. Their adsorption capacities, applicable to the Freundlich isotherm model, are listed as: ozone-treated MWCNT (250 mg/g) > chitosan-coated MWCNT (205 mg/g) > acid-treated MWCNT (160 mg/g) > NaOH-treated MWCNT (130 mg/g) > as-received MWCNT (90 mg/g). Although the ozone-treated MWCNT has the most outstanding performance in Ace removal, its treated effluent still could not meet the required effluent limit of less than 0.2 mg/L set by China’s legislation. This suggests that further treatment using biological processes needs to be carried out to complement Ace removal from the wastewater samples. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Molecular Liquids;251, pp. 369-377
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.12.051
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Molecular Liquids. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Molecular Liquuids, 2018, 251, pp. 369-377, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.12.051 en_US
dc.subject endocrine disruptor en_US
dc.subject nanomaterials en_US
dc.subject pharmaceuticals and personal care product (PPCPs) en_US
dc.subject physico-chemical treatment en_US
dc.subject water purification en_US
dc.title Enhanced removal of acetaminophen from synthetic wastewater using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) chemically modified with NaOH, HNO3/H2SO4, ozone, and/or chitosan en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.molliq.2017.12.051
dc.contributor.sponsor Xiamen University's Foundation of Technology en_US
dc.relation.projectid 20720150070 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 2013-2535/001-001 en_US
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2019-12-16
dc.embargo.terms 2019-12-16 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2739987


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