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Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review

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Show simple item record Puggina, Anna Aleksovska, Katina Buck, Christoph Burns, Con Cardon, Greet Carlin, Angela Chantal, Simon Ciarapica, Donatella Condello, Giancarlo Coppinger, Tara Cortis, Cristina D’Haese, Sara De Craemer, Marieke Di Blasio, Andrea Hansen, Sylvia Iacoviello, Licia Issartel, Johann Izzicupo, Pascal Jaeschke, Lina Kanning, Martina Kennedy, Aileen Chun Man Ling, Fiona Luzak, Agnes Napolitano, Giorgio Nazare, Julie-Anne Perchoux, Camille Pischon, Tobias Polito, Angela Sannella, Alessandra Schulz, Holger Sohun, Rhoda Steinbrecher, Astrid Schlicht, Wolfgang Ricciardi, Walter MacDonncha, Ciaran Capranica, Laura Boccia, Stefania 2017-12-08T10:40:03Z 2017-12-08T10:40:03Z 2017
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016. SLRs and MAs of observational studies investigating the association between policy determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence and the methodological quality. Results: Fourteen reviews on 27 policy determinants of PA were eligible for this umbrella SLR. The majority of the reviews were of moderate quality. Among children, a clear association between time spent outdoors and PA emerged. Among adults, working hours were negatively associated with PA, though evidence was limited. At the population level, community- and street-scale urban design and land use policies were found to positively support PA levels, but levels of evidences were low. Conclusions: With this umbrella SLR the policy determinants of PA at individual-level and population-level have been summarized and assessed. None of the investigated policy determinants had a convincing level of evidence, and very few had a probable level of evidence. Further research is needed, preferably by using prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA and objective measurement of PA. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries European Journal of Public Health;ckx174
dc.subject policy determinants en_US
dc.subject physical activities en_US
dc.subject life course en_US
dc.subject DEDIPAC en_US
dc.subject umbrella systematic literature review en_US
dc.title Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/eurpub/ckx174
dc.contributor.sponsor MIUR en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor HRB en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor INRA en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor INPES en_US
dc.relation.projectid B84G14000040008 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 2010KL2Y73_003 en_US
dc.relation.projectid 01EA1377, 01EA1372C , 01EA1372E en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2738265

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