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Motivation measures in sport: A critical review and bibliometric analysis

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dc.contributor.author Clancy, Rachel B.
dc.contributor.author Herring, Matthew P.
dc.contributor.author Campbell, Mark J.
dc.contributor.other Sheehan, Rachel B.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-08T08:54:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-08T08:54:40Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/6239
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Motivation is widely-researched, in both sport psychology and other fields. As rigorous measurement is essential to understanding this latent construct, a critical appraisal of measurement instruments is needed. Thus, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the six most highly cited motivation measures in sport. Peer-reviewed articles published prior to August 2016 were searched to identify the six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport: Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI), Situational Motivational Scale (SIMS), Perceptions of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ). The questionnaires were then evaluated and discussed in four sections: Development, Reliability, Correlates, and Summary. Bibliometric data were also calculated (average weighted impact factor) and assessed (e.g., citations per year) to evaluate the impact of the use of each questionnaire. Despite some variance in their psychometric properties, conceptualization, structure, and utility, the six questionnaires are psychometrically strong instruments for quantifyingmotivation that are widely supported in the literature. Bibliometric analyses suggested that the IMI ranks first and the SMS ranks sixth according to the average weighted impact factors of their original publications. Consideration of each questionnaire’s psychometric strengths/limitations, and conceptualization of motivation in the context of specific research questions should guide researchers in selecting the most appropriate instrument to measure motivation in sport. The average weighted impact factor of each questionnaire is a useful value to consider as well. With these points in mind, recommendations are provided. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology;8:348
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00348
dc.rights This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission. en_US
dc.subject critical review en_US
dc.subject sport motivation en_US
dc.subject questionnaire en_US
dc.subject measurement en_US
dc.subject bibliometric analysis en_US
dc.subject psychometric en_US
dc.title Motivation measures in sport: A critical review and bibliometric analysis en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00348
dc.contributor.sponsor IRC en_US
dc.relation.projectid GOIPG/2015/2665 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2893828


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