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A life course examination of the physical environmental determinants of physical activity behaviour: A "Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity" (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review

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Show simple item record Carlin, Angela Perchoux, Camille Puggina, Anna Aleksovska, Katina Buck, Christoph Burns, Con Cardon, Greet Chantal, Simon Ciarapica, Donatella Condello, Giancarlo Coppinger, Tara Cortis, Cristina D'Haese, Sara De Craemer, Marieke Di Blasio, Andrea Hansen, Sylvia Iacoviello, Licia Issartel, Johann Izzicupo, Pascal Jaeschke, Lina Kanning, Martina Kennedy, Aileen Lakerveld, Jeroen Chun Man Ling, Fiona Luzak, Agnes Napolitano, Giorgio Nazare, Julie-Anne Pischon, Tobias Polito, Angela Sannella, Alessandra Schulz, Holger Sohun, Rhoda Steinbrecher, Astrid Schlicht, Wolfgang Ricciardi, Walter MacDonncha, Ciaran Capranica, Laura Boccia, Stefania 2017-11-03T10:23:44Z 2017-11-03T10:23:44Z 2017
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background Participation in regular physical activity is associated with a multitude of health benefits across the life course. However, many people fail to meet PA recommendations. Despite a plethora of studies, the evidence regarding the environmental (physical) determinants of physical activity remains inconclusive. Objective To identify the physical environmental determinants that influence PA across the life course. Methods An online systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus. The search was limited to studies published in English (January 2004 to April 2016). Only systematic literature reviews (SLRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) of observational studies, that investigated the association between physical determinants and physical activity outcomes, were eligible for inclusion. The extracted data were assessed on the importance of determinants, strength of evidence and methodological quality. Results The literature search identified 28 SLRs and 3 MAs on 67 physical environmental characteristics potentially related to physical activity that were eligible for inclusion. Among preschool children, a positive association was reported between availability of backyard space and outdoor toys/equipment in the home and overall physical activity. The availability of physical activity programs and equipment within schools, and neighbourhood features such as pedestrian and cyclist safety structure were positively associated with physical activity in children and adolescents. Negative street characteristics, for example, lack of sidewalks and streetlights, were negatively associated with physical activity in adults. Inconsistent associations were reported for the majority of reviewed determinants in adults. Conclusion This umbrella SLR provided a comprehensive overview of the physical environment determinants of physical activity across the life course and has highlighted, particularly amongst youth, a number of key determinants that may be associated with overall physical activity. Given the limited evidence drawn mostly from cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies are needed to further explore these associations. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLoS ONE;12(8): e0182083
dc.subject life course examination en_US
dc.subject physical en_US
dc.subject environmental en_US
dc.subject determinants en_US
dc.subject activity behaviour en_US
dc.subject diet en_US
dc.subject DEDIPAC en_US
dc.subject umbrella en_US
dc.subject systematic en_US
dc.subject literature review en_US
dc.title A life course examination of the physical environmental determinants of physical activity behaviour: A "Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity" (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0182083
dc.contributor.sponsor MIUR en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Bundesministerium fuÈr Bildung und Forschung en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, Italy en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor HRB
dc.relation.projectid B84G14000040008
dc.relation.projectid 01EA1377
dc.relation.projectid 14474/7303/13
dc.relation.projectid 01EA1374
dc.relation.projectid 01EA1372C
dc.relation.projectid 01EA1372E
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2719970

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