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Running and metabolic demands of elite rugby union assessed using traditional, metabolic power, and heart rate monitoring methods

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dc.contributor.author Dubois, Romain
dc.contributor.author Paillard, Thierry
dc.contributor.author Lyons, Mark
dc.contributor.author McGragh, David
dc.contributor.author Maurelli, Olivier
dc.contributor.author Prioux, Jacques
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-27T11:09:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-27T11:09:40Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/5921
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The aims of this study were (1) to analyze elite rugby union game demands using 3 different approaches: traditional, meta-bolic and heart rate-based methods (2) to explore the relation-ship between these methods and (3) to explore positional differ-ences between the backs and forwards players. Time motion analysis and game demands of fourteen professional players (24.1 ± 3.4 y), over 5 European challenge cup games, were analyzed. Thresholds of 14.4 km·h-1, 20 W.kg-1 and 85% of maximal heart rate (HRmax) were set for high-intensity efforts across the three methods. The mean % of HRmax was 80.6 ± 4.3 % while 42.2 ± 16.5% of game time was spent above 85% of HRmax with no significant differences between the forwards and the backs. Our findings also show that the backs cover greater distances at high-speed than forwards (% difference: +35.2 ± 6.6%; p<0.01) while the forwards cover more distance than the backs (+26.8 ± 5.7%; p<0.05) in moderate-speed zone (10-14.4 km·h-1). However, no significant difference in high-metabolic power distance was found between the backs and forwards. Indeed, the high-metabolic power distances were greater than high-speed running distances of 24.8 ± 17.1% for the backs, and 53.4 ± 16.0% for the forwards with a significant difference (+29.6 ± 6.0% for the forwards; p<0.001) between the two groups. Nevertheless, nearly perfect correlations were found between the total distance assessed using the traditional ap-proach and the metabolic power approach (r = 0.98). Further-more, there is a strong association (r = 0.93) between the high-speed running distance (assessed using the traditional approach) and the high-metabolic power distance. The HR monitoring methods demonstrate clearly the high physiological demands of professional rugby games. The traditional and the metabolic-power approaches shows a close correlation concerning their relative values, nevertheless the difference in absolute values especially for the high-intensity thresholds demonstrates that the metabolic power approach may represent an interesting alterna-tive to the traditional approaches used in evaluating the high-intensity running efforts required in rugby union games. Key words: Rugby union, GPS, heart rate monitoring, en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Sports Science and Medicine en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Sports Science and Medicine;16, pp. 84-92
dc.subject rugby union en_US
dc.subject GPS en_US
dc.subject heart rate monitoring en_US
dc.subject metabolic power en_US
dc.title Running and metabolic demands of elite rugby union assessed using traditional, metabolic power, and heart rate monitoring methods en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2017-07-27T11:00:39Z
dc.description.version PUBLISHED
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2705779
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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