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Attentional focus during endurance activity

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dc.contributor.advisor MacIntyre, Tadhg E.
dc.contributor.advisor Campbell, Mark J. Brick, Noel E. 2017-05-24T11:10:32Z 2017-05-24T11:10:32Z 2016
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Attention involves not only a focus on objects or locations, but also on various thoughts or activities. During endurance activity, attention allocation has traditionally been viewed as a focus either on sensory information and task performance (i.e., association), or on distracting stimuli and away from feelings of exertion (i.e., dissociation). Accordingly, the primary aim of this thesis was to examine the dynamic interrelationships between attentional focus and endurance activity. Chapter two specifically aimed to review how association and dissociation have been conceptualised, and to introduce frameworks to guide future research on attentional focus in endurance activity. In an attempt to resolve some conceptual issues, a new model of attentional focus during endurance activity was developed based on an extension of previous models. Chapter three built upon this work and sought to apply a metacognitive perspective to better understand the influences on, and dynamics of attentional focus and cognitive control during endurance activity. The findings of ten semi-structured interviews revealed that metacognitive skills (e.g., planning and reviewing), and metacognitive experiences were fundamental to cognitive strategy use in elite endurance runners. The findings allowed for the development of a metacognitive framework of attentional focus and cognitive control during endurance activity. Applying this framework, the study presented in chapter four was the first to investigate the effects of manipulating perceptions of pace control and pace regulation on attentional focus, physiological, and psychological processes during running. The outcomes revealed that altering pace control and pace regulation impacted on attentional focus and subsequent endurance performance. Collectively, the findings of this thesis attempt to provide a more nuanced understanding, and advance the conceptualisation and practical application of attentional focus during endurance activity. We provide a metacognitive framework to guide work within this domain and highlight the importance of attentional focus to effective self-regulation during endurance performance. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher University of Limerick en_US
dc.subject attentional focus en_US
dc.subject cognitive strategies en_US
dc.subject endurance activity en_US
dc.subject metacognition en_US
dc.subject pacing en_US
dc.subject self-regulation en_US
dc.title Attentional focus during endurance activity en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_theses_dissertations en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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