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The effect of strength training on performance indicators in distance runners

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dc.contributor.author Beattie, Kris
dc.contributor.author Carson, Brian P.
dc.contributor.author Lyons, Mark
dc.contributor.author Rossiter, Antonia
dc.contributor.author Kenny, Ian C.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-18T09:00:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/5802
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Running economy (RE) and velocity at maximal oxygen uptake (VV_ O2max) are considered to be the best physiological performance indicators in elite distance runners. In addition to cardiovascular function, RE and (VV_ O2max) are partly dictated by neuromuscular factors. One technique to improve neuromuscular function in athletes is through strength training. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 40-week strength training intervention on strength (maximal and reactive strength), VV_O2max, economy, and body composition (body mass, fat, and lean mass) in competitive distance runners. Twenty competitive distance runners were divided into an intervention group (n = 11; 29.5 ±10.0 years; 72.8 ± 6.6 kg; 1.83 ± 0.08 m) and a control group (n = 9; 27.4 ± 7.2 years; 70.2 ± 6.4 kg; 1.77 ± 0.04 m). During week 0, 20, and 40, each subject completed 3 assessments: physiology (V2 mmol.L21 BLa, V2 mmol.L21 BLa [blood lactate], V4 mmol.L-1 BLa, RE, VV_ O2max, V_ O2max), strength (1 repetition maximum back squat; countermovement jump and 0.3 m drop jump), and body composition (body mass, fat mass, overall lean, and leg lean). The intervention group showed significant improvements in maximal and reactive strength qualities, RE, and VV_ O2max, at weeks 20 (p≤ 0.05) and 40 (p ≤ 0.05). The control group showed no significant changes at either time point. There were no significant changes in body composition variables between or within groups. This study demonstrates that 40 weeks of strength training can significantly improve maximal and reactive strength qualities, RE, and VV_ O2max, without concomitant hypertrophy, in competitive distance runners. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research;31 (1), pp. 9-23
dc.rights This is the author's accepted version of "Sprinting performance and resistance-based training interventions: a systematic review" published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (1), pp. 9-23 © 2015 Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. The final published version can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001464 en_US
dc.subject running economy en_US
dc.subject (V)(V)over doto(2)max en_US
dc.subject distance running en_US
dc.title The effect of strength training on performance indicators in distance runners en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2017-05-16T19:19:44Z
dc.description.version ACCEPTED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001464.
dc.date.embargoEndDate 2018-01-31
dc.embargo.terms 2018-01-31 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 2698993
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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