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Zeroing in on heroes: a prototype analysis of hero features.

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dc.contributor.author Kinsella, Elaine Louise
dc.contributor.author Ritchie, Timothy D.
dc.contributor.author Igou, Eric Raymond
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-09T12:35:59Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-09T12:35:59Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/5515
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Heroes are ubiquitous in literature and popular discourse, yet little is known about cognitive representations of heroes. We examined lay conceptions of heroes using a prototype approach, compared heroes with other persons of influence, and studied how individuals use hero features to identify heroes. In Study 1, participants (N = 189) generated open-ended descriptions of heroes, which were sorted by independent coders into 26 meaningful categories. In Study 2, participants (N = 365) rated the centrality of these features, and subsequently classified each feature as either central (e.g., brave, moral integrity) or peripheral (e.g., humble, proactive). In a reaction time (RT) paradigm, participants in Study 3 (N = 33) identified central features of heroes faster than peripheral features. In Study 4, participants (N = 25) remembered more central hero features than peripheral features in a surprise recall task. In Study 5 (N = 89), participants most strongly identified a hero when the target was described with central features (vs. peripheral or neutral features). In Studies 6 (N = 212) and 7 (N = 307), participants ratings evidenced that the prototypical features of heroes did not fit conceptually as well for role models and leaders. In all, these studies contribute new ideas to existing knowledge about heroes, and contribute to a shared understanding of what a hero means to people. Our research is thus an important step in refining heroism into a scientific concept. The notion of the prototypical features of heroes provides a basis for future hero research and intervention. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Personality and Social Psychology;108 (1), pp. 114-127
dc.relation.uri http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/psp/108/1/114/
dc.rights This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record en_US
dc.subject heroes en_US
dc.subject person perception en_US
dc.subject leadership en_US
dc.subject prototype en_US
dc.title Zeroing in on heroes: a prototype analysis of hero features. en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2017-02-09T12:26:20Z
dc.description.version ACCEPTED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/a0038463
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1579639
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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