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Risk factors for groin/hip injuries in field-based sports: a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Ryan, Julianne M.
dc.contributor.author DeBurca, Neasa
dc.contributor.author McCreesh, Karen
dc.date.accessioned 2015-08-26T09:23:23Z
dc.date.available 2015-08-26T09:23:23Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/4596
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Groin/hip injuries are common in the athletic population, particularly in sports requiring kicking, twisting, turning and rapid acceleration and deceleration. Chronic hip, buttock and groin pain account for 10% of all attendances to sports medicine centres. Understanding risk factors for field-based sports (FBS) players is important in developing preventive measures for injury. Objective: This systematic review aims to identify and examine the evidence for groin/hip injury risk factors in FBS. Methods: 14 electronic databases were searched using keywords. Studies were included if they met the inclusion criteria and investigated one or more risk factors with relation to the incidence of groin/hip injuries in FBS. Studies were accumulated and independently analysed by two reviewers under a 12-point quality assessment scale (modified CASP (for cohort study design) assessment scale). Owing to the heterogeneity of studies and measures used, a meta-analysis could not be conducted. As a result risk factors were pooled for analysis and discussion. Results: Of the 5842 potentially relevant studies, 7 high-quality studies were included in this review. Results demonstrated that previous groin/hip injury was the most prominent risk factor, identified across four studies (OR range from 2.6 (95% CI 1.1 to 6.11) to 7.3, (p=0.001)), followed by older age (OR 0.9, p=0.05) and weak adductor muscles (OR 4.28, 95% CI 1.31 to 14.0, p=0.02) each identified in two studies. Eight other significant risk factors were identified once across the included studies. Conclusions: 11 significant risk factors for groin/hip injury for FBS players were identified. The most prominent risk factor identified was previous groin/hip injury. Future research should include a prospective study of a group of FBS players to confirm a relationship between the risk factors identified and development of groin/hip injuries. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries British Journal of Sports Medicine;48, (14) pp. 1089-1096
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092263
dc.subject groin/hip injuries en_US
dc.subject athletes en_US
dc.subject sports en_US
dc.title Risk factors for groin/hip injuries in field-based sports: a systematic review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2015-08-25T15:40:56Z
dc.description.version ACCEPTED
dc.identifier.doi 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092263
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1593106
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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