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Visualisation of the vocal-tract shape for a computer-based speech training system for the hearing-impaired

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Show simple item record Mahdi, Abdulhussain E. 2014-10-22T10:39:46Z 2014-10-22T10:39:46Z 2008
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract A computer-based tool for visualisation of the vocal-tract, during speech articulation, by means of a midsagittal view of the human head has been designed and developed. The vocal tract graphics are generated using a new approach that is based on estimating both the area functions and the formant frequencies from the acoustic speech signal. First, it is assumed that the speech production process is an autoregressive model. Using a linear prediction analysis, the vocal tract area functions and the first three formants are estimated. The estimated area functions are then mapped to corresponding mid-sagittal distances and displayed as 2D vocal tract lateral graphics. The mapping process is based on a simple numerical algorithm and an accurate reference grid derived from x-rays for the pronunciation of a number English vowels uttered by different speakers. To compensate for possible errors in the estimated area functions due to variation in vocal tract length between speakers, the first two sectional distances are determined by the three formants. Experimental results show high correlation with x-ray data and the PARAFAC analysis. The tool also displays other speech parameters that are closely related to the production of intelligible speech and hence would be useful as a visual feedback aid for speech training of hearing–impaired individuals and children with speech impediment. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Bentham Open en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Open Electrical and Electronic Engineering Journal;2, pp 27-32
dc.subject vocal-tract en_US
dc.subject computer-based tool en_US
dc.subject hearing impaired en_US
dc.title Visualisation of the vocal-tract shape for a computer-based speech training system for the hearing-impaired en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US 2014-10-21T17:15:30Z
dc.description.version PUBLISHED
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1119323
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.description.status peer-reviewed

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