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Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal

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dc.contributor.author Tol, Wietse A.
dc.contributor.author Kohrt, Brandon A.
dc.contributor.author Jordan, Mark J.D.
dc.contributor.author Thapa, Suraj B.
dc.contributor.author Pettigrew, Judith
dc.contributor.author Upadhaya, Nawaraj
dc.contributor.author de Jong, Joop T.V.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-04T09:06:26Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-04T09:06:26Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/3878
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Implementation of current international consensus guidelines regarding mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies requires the consideration of findings from both the medical and social sciences. This paper presents a multi-disciplinary review of reported findings regarding the relations between political violence, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing in Nepal. A systematic search of six data- bases resulted in the identification of 572 studies, of which 44 were included in the review. These studies investigated the influence of political violence on contextual variables that shape mental health and psychosocial wellbeing, and examined psychological distress and mental disorders in the context of political violence. The majority of studies addressed the mental health of Bhutanese refugees in Nepal and the impact of the Maoist People’s War. Based upon these results from Nepal, we discuss a number of issues of concern to international researchers and practitioners and present policy and research recommendations. Specifically, we consider (a) the need for longitudinal multi-disciplinary research into protective and risk factors, including agency, of psychological distress and mental disorders in situations of political violence, (b) the continuing controversy regarding the PTSD construct, and (c) the lack of robust findings regarding the effectiveness of mental health and psychosocial support. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Social Science and Medicine;70 (1), pp. 35-44
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.09.037
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Social Science and Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Social Science and Medicine, 2010, 70 (1), pp. 35-44, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.09.037 en_US
dc.subject political violence en_US
dc.subject Nepal en_US
dc.subject war en_US
dc.subject mental health en_US
dc.title Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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