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Context and time in causal learning: contingency and mood dependent effects

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dc.contributor.author Msetfi, Rachel M.
dc.contributor.author Wade, Caroline
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Robin A.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-04T15:33:50Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-04T15:33:50Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Msetfi, RM,Wade, C,Murphy, RA (2013) 'Context and Time in Causal Learning: Contingency and Mood Dependent Effects'. Plos One, 8 . en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/3766
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Defining cues for instrumental causality are the temporal, spatial and contingency relationships between actions and their effects. In this study, we carried out a series of causal learning experiments that systematically manipulated time and context in positive and negative contingency conditions. In addition, we tested participants categorized as non-dysphoric and mildly dysphoric because depressed mood has been shown to affect the processing of all these causal cues. Findings showed that causal judgements made by non-dysphoric participants were contextualized at baseline and were affected by the temporal spacing of actions and effects only with generative, but not preventative, contingency relationships. Participants categorized as dysphoric made less contextualized causal ratings at baseline but were more sensitive than others to temporal manipulations across the contingencies. These effects were consistent with depression affecting causal learning through the effects of slowed time experience on accrued exposure to the context in which causal events took place. Taken together, these findings are consistent with associative approaches to causal judgement. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLOS one;8 (5), e64063
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064063
dc.subject depressive realism en_US
dc.subject temporal contiguity en_US
dc.subject intertrail interval en_US
dc.subject outcome contingency en_US
dc.subject college-students en_US
dc.subject judgment en_US
dc.subject wiser en_US
dc.subject covariation en_US
dc.subject information en_US
dc.title Context and time in causal learning: contingency and mood dependent effects en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.date.updated 2014-04-04T14:35:29Z
dc.description.version PUBLISHED
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1442119
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.description.status peer-reviewed


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