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Contrast water therapy and exercise induced muscle damage: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Bieuzen, François
dc.contributor.author Bleakley, Chris M.
dc.contributor.author Costello, Joseph Thomas
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-04T14:55:28Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-04T14:55:28Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/3764
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effect of Contrast Water Therapy (CWT) on recovery following exercise induced muscle damage. Controlled trials were identified from computerized literature searching and citation tracking performed up to February 2013. Eighteen trials met the inclusion criteria; all had a high risk of bias. Pooled data from 13 studies showed that CWT resulted in significantly greater improvements in muscle soreness at the five follow-up time points (,6, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours) in comparison to passive recovery. Pooled data also showed that CWT significantly reduced muscle strength loss at each follow-up time (,6, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours) in comparison to passive recovery. Despite comparing CWT to a large number of other recovery interventions, including cold water immersion, warm water immersion, compression, active recovery and stretching, there was little evidence for a superior treatment intervention. The current evidence base shows that CWT is superior to using passive recovery or rest after exercise; the magnitudes of these effects may be most relevant to an elite sporting population. There seems to be little difference in recovery outcome between CWT and other popular recovery interventions. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLOS one;8 (4), e62356
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062356
dc.subject contrast water therapy en_US
dc.subject CWT en_US
dc.subject muscle damage en_US
dc.title Contrast water therapy and exercise induced muscle damage: a systematic review and meta-analysis en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0062356
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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