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Verb alternations and event structure in children with SLI compared with typically developing children. What can we learn from the story of Cinderella?

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dc.contributor.advisor Murphy, Carol-Anne Doyle, Katie 2014-01-02T15:28:52Z 2014-01-02T15:28:52Z 2013
dc.description non-peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Children with specific language impairment (CwSLI) often present with difficulties in areas of language including verb knowledge and verb-argument production. Previous research has investigated verb diversity and verb-argument structure. There is limited knowledge on the processing of event structure by CwSLI and the research around verb alternations is inconclusive. Aims: The research aimed to investigate verb alternations and the complexity of event structures produced by CwSLI compared to typically developing children (TDC). Methods and Procedures: The procedure involved secondary data analysis of an existing data set comprising Cinderella narratives elicited from 65 TDC and 17 CwSLI. The narratives were analysed for verb alternations and event structures of verbs. The participants were compared with subgroups of younger and older TDC and a vocabulary-matched (verb comprehension) group. Outcomes and Results: A total of 31 verbs which could alternate were identified across the dataset. Of these, only the verbs turn into and transform were alternated by two CwSLI and nine TDC. There was a significant difference between CwSLI and TD older children (aged >6; 05) on MLU-w (p=.003), number of verbs (p=.004) and simple event structures (p=.013). Conclusions and Implications: Cinderella narratives are a useful method for comparing CwSLI to TDC given comparable samples in terms of number of utterances. It is not appropriate for examining alternations as few possible alternations were produced across groups. Event processing in CwSLI, should be examined further on a more extensive sample, given the low frequency count for each event variable. There was no difference in event structure between groups when verb knowledge was controlled for, indicating a possible correlation between verb comprehension and verb event structures. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher University of Limerick en_US
dc.subject specific language impairment en_US
dc.subject event processing en_US
dc.subject event structure en_US
dc.subject verb alternation en_US
dc.subject Cinderella en_US
dc.subject narrative en_US
dc.title Verb alternations and event structure in children with SLI compared with typically developing children. What can we learn from the story of Cinderella? en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_theses_dissertations en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US

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