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Social support, social intimacy, and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress

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Show simple item record Phillips, Anna C. Gallagher, Stephen Carroll, Douglas 2013-05-07T13:29:42Z 2013-05-07T13:29:42Z 2009
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Exaggerated cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Social support may reduce such risk by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity to stress. Purpose: To examine the effects of three independent social support variables and their interaction on cardiovascular reactivity to acute stress. The variables were stranger or friend presence; active supportive or passive presence, and male or female presence. Methods: Cardiovascular reactions to mental arithmetic stress were measured in 112 healthy young women tested in one of eight distinct independent conditions: active supportive male friend; active supportive female friend, passive male friend; passive female friend; active supportive male stranger; active supportive female stranger, passive male stranger; and passive female stranger. Results: Support from a friend rather than a stranger was associated with attenuated blood pressure reactivity, but only when the supporter was a male friend. Support from a male stranger or female friend was associated with augmented blood pressure reactivity. Conclusions: This interaction between the intimacy and sex of the supporter on cardiovascular reactivity extends the findings of previous laboratory studies of social support and can, to an extent, be interpreted in terms of Social Comparison Theory. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Springer-Verlag en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annals of Behavioral Medicine;37, pp. 38-45
dc.rights The original publication is available at en_US
dc.subject acute psychological stress en_US
dc.subject cardiovascular reactivity en_US
dc.subject social support en_US
dc.title Social support, social intimacy, and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1385178

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