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Normalisation process theory: a framework for developing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions

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dc.contributor.author Murray, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author Treweek, Shaun
dc.contributor.author Pope, Catherine
dc.contributor.author MacFarlane, Anne E.
dc.contributor.author Ballini, Luciana
dc.contributor.author Dowrick, Christopher
dc.contributor.author Finch, Tracy
dc.contributor.author Kennedy, Anne
dc.contributor.author Mair, Frances
dc.contributor.author O'Donnell, Catherine A.
dc.contributor.author Nio Ong, Bie
dc.contributor.author Rapley, Tim
dc.contributor.author Rogers, Anne
dc.contributor.author May, Carl R
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-12T15:34:58Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-12T15:34:58Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/3038
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: The past decade has seen considerable interest in the development and evaluation of complex interventions to improve health. Such interventions can only have a significant impact on health and health care if they are shown to be effective when tested, are capable of being widely implemented and can be normalised into routine practice. To date, there is still a problematic gap between research and implementation. The Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) addresses the factors needed for successful implementation and integration of interventions into routine work (normalisation). Discussion: In this paper, we suggest that the NPT can act as a sensitising tool, enabling researchers to think through issues of implementation while designing a complex intervention and its evaluation. The need to ensure trial procedures that are feasible and compatible with clinical practice is not limited to trials of complex interventions, and NPT may improve trial design by highlighting potential problems with recruitment or data collection, as well as ensuring the intervention has good implementation potential. Summary: The NPT is a new theory which offers trialists a consistent framework that can be used to describe, assess and enhance implementation potential. We encourage trialists to consider using it in their next trial. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Medicine;8:63
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-8-63
dc.subject health care en_US
dc.subject normalization process theory en_US
dc.subject medical en_US
dc.title Normalisation process theory: a framework for developing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor NIHR School of Primary Care Research en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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