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Dysphoric mood states are related to sensitivity to temporal changes in contingency

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Show simple item record Msetfi, Rachel M. Murphy, Robin A. Kornbrot, Diana E. 2012-10-01T13:28:41Z 2012-10-01T13:28:41Z 2012
dc.identifier.citation Msetfi, R. M., Murphy, R. A., & Kornbrot, D. (2012). Dysphoric mood states are related to sensitivity to temporal changes in contingency. [Original Research]. Frontiers in Psychology, 3. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00368 en_US
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract A controversial finding in the field of causal learning is that mood contributes to the accuracy of perceptions of uncorrelated relationships. When asked to report the degree of control between an action and its outcome, people with dysphoria or depression are claimed to be more realistic in reporting non-contingency (e.g., Alloy and Abramson, 1979). The strongest evidence for this depressive realism (DR) effect is derived from data collected with experimental procedures in which the dependent variables are verbal or written ratings of contingency or cause, and, perhaps more importantly, the independent variable in these procedures may be ambiguous and difficult to define. In order to address these possible confounds, we used a two-response free-operant causal learning task in which the dependent measures were performance based. Participants were required to respond to maximize the occurrence of a temporally contiguous outcome that was programmed with different probabilities, which also varied temporally across two responses. Dysphoric participants were more sensitive to the changing outcome contingencies than controls even though they responded at a similar rate. During probe trials, in which the outcome was masked, their performance recovered more quickly than that of the control group. These data provide unexpected support for the DR hypothesis suggesting that dysphoria is associated with heightened sensitivity to temporal shifts in contingency. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology;3 pp. 368-
dc.rights Copyright: © 2012 Msetfi, Murphy and Kornbrot. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc. en_US
dc.subject causality en_US
dc.subject contingency en_US
dc.subject reinforcement en_US
dc.subject matching en_US
dc.subject maximization en_US
dc.subject learning en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject depressive realism en_US
dc.title Dysphoric mood states are related to sensitivity to temporal changes in contingency en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.internal.rssid 1559848

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