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Physics & Energy

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Physics & Energy

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The Department of Physics consists of a highly active education and research team, that together with other departments at UL, offer degrees in Applied Physics, Physical Science Education, and most recently Energy. The department has a significant research profile and its faculty include internationally recognised researchers. Over the last decade, it has attracted several millions of euro in research funding, and it has state-of-the-art equipment and facilities. In terms of research areas, the main strength of the department is in the physics of condensed matter and its applications, with special emphasis on nanoscience, and energy.

The department offers the BSc and MSc programmes in Applied Physics which have a particular emphasis on nanoscience, nanotechnology, and nanomaterials. Science and engineering, require applied physicists capable of understanding and manipulating matter on the nanometre even atomic scale to advance a broad range of applications from communications to medicine. We provide in Applied Physics a core experimental physics training, but we also emphasise practical applications and innovation, and have an orientation towards modern industrial practice in the high-technology sector. A key factor in Applied Physics is the flexibility and freedom it allows its graduates in choosing a career.

The Department of Physics is also pleased to announce the new BSc in Energy (to start in Autumn 2009) which will provide students with the scientific and technical expertise to help address the greatest challenges of the 21st century: energy sustainability, energy control and climate change. The aim of the new BSc in Energy is to meet current and anticipated demand for graduates in energy science by providing an interdisciplinary training for careers in energy provision, energy control, energy research, building services, energy planning, energy consultancy, energy assessment, and energy and carbon trading services.

For more information visit the Department of Physics homepage

Recent Submissions

  • Chwastyk, Mateusz; Vera, Andrés M.; Galera-Prat, Albert; Gunnoo, Melissabye; Thompson, Damien; Carrión-Vázquez, Mariano; Cieplak, Marek (AIP Publishing, 2017)
    We combine experimental and theoretical methods to assess the effect of a set of point mutations on c7A, a highly mechanostable type I cohesin module from scaffoldin CipA from Clostridium thermocellum. We propose a novel ...
  • Zan, R.; Ramasse, Q M.; Jalil, R.; Tu, J-S.; Bangert, Ursel; Novoselov, K S. (IOP Publishing, 2017)
    Stacking different two-dimensional (2D) atomic layers is a feasible approach to create unique multilayered van der Waals heterostructures with desired properties. 2D materials, graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), ...
  • Garrigues, Alvar R.; Yuan, Li; Wang, Lejia; Mucciolo, Eduardo R.; Thompson, Damien; del Barco, Enrique; Nijhuis, Christian A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
    We present a theoretical analysis aimed at understanding electrical conduction in molecular tunnel junctions. We focus on discussing the validity of coherent versus incoherent theoretical formulations for single-level ...
  • Kumbham, Mahendar; Daly, Susan; O'Dwyer, Kevin; Mouras, Rabah; Liu, Ning; Mani, Aladin; Peremans, Andre; Tofail, Syed A.M.; Silien, Christophe (Optical Society of America, 2016)
    The spatial resolution in far-field mid-infrared (λ>2.5 μm) microscopy and microspectroscopy remains limited with the full-width at half maximum of the point-spread function ca. λ/1.3; a value that is very poor in ...
  • Oboroceanu, Daniela; Quill, Nathan; Lenihan, Catherine; Ní Eidhin, Deirdre; Albu, Sergiu P.; Lynch, Robert P.; Buckley, Noel (Electrochemical Society, 2016)
    The stability of typical vanadium flowbattery (VFB) catholytes with respect to precipitation of V2O5 was investigated at temperatures in the range 30–60◦C. In all cases a precipitate formed after an induction time, which ...
  • Baskys, Algirdas; Hopkins, Simon C.; Bader, Jakob; Glowacki, Bartek A. (Elsevier, 2016)
    As superconducting materials find their way into applications, there is increasing need to verify their performance at operating conditions. Testing of critical current with respect to temperature and magnetic field is of ...
  • Cronin, Patrick (University of Limerick, 2012)
    The incorporation of nanoparticles (NPs) into the surfaces of materials has received significant attention, especially in the area of textiles for self-cleaning. The sphericity and fast oxidation of metallic NPs when exposed ...
  • Oboroceanu, Daniela; Quill, Nathan; Lenihan, Catherine; Ní Eidhin, Deirdre; Albu, Sergiu P.; Lynch, Robert P.; Buckley, Noel (Electrochemical Society, 2017)
    The stability of typical vanadium flow battery (VFB) catholytes was investigated at temperatures in the range 30–60°C for VV concentrations of 1.4–2.2 mol dm−3 and sulfate concentrations of 3.6–5.4 mol dm−3. In all cases, ...
  • Wasserberg, Dorothee; Cabanas-Danés, Jordi; Prangsma, Jord; O'Mahony, Shane; Cazade, Pierre-Andre; Tromp, Eldrich; Blum, Christian; Thompson, Damien; Huskens, Jurriaan; Subramaniam, Vinod; Jonkheijm, Pascal (American Chemical Society, 2017)
    We report oriented immobilization of proteins using the standard hexahistidine (His6)-Ni2+:NTA (nitrilotriacetic acid) methodology, which we systematically tuned to give control of surface coverage. Fluorescence microscopy ...
  • Bangert, Ursel; Pierce, W.; Boothroyd, C.; Pan, C.-T.; Gwilliam, R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
    lasmons in the visible/UV energy regime have attracted great attention, especially in nano-materials, with regards to applications in opto-electronics and light harvesting; tailored enhancement of such plasmons is of ...
  • Chadwick, Edward G; Mogili, Naga Vishnu V; O'Dwyer, Colm; Moore, Jimmy D; Fletcher, John S; Laffir, Fathima R.; Armstrong, Gordon; Tanner, David A (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013)
    Porous silicon is generally achieved through electro-chemical etching or chemical etching of bulk silicon in hydrofluoric acid based solutions. The work presented here explores the effect of a chemical etching process on ...
  • Mitchell-Williams, T.B.; Baskys, A; Hopkins, S.C; Kalitka, V; Molodyk, A; Glowacki, Bartek A.; Patel, A (IOP Publishing, 2016)
    The trapped magnetic field profile of stacks of GdBa2Cu3O7-x superconducting tape was investigated. Angled stacks of superconducting tape were magnetized and found to produce very uniform trapped field profiles. The angled ...
  • Clancy, Ian; Amarandei, G.; Nash, Cian; Glowacki, Bartek A. (AIP Publishing, 2016)
    Direct coating methods using metal particles from aqueous solutions or solvent-based inks become central in the roll-to-roll fabrication processes as these methods can lead to continuous or pre-defined conductive layers ...
  • Mitchell-Williams, T. B.; Tomov, R. I.; Saadabadi, S. A.; Krauz, M.; Aravind, P. V.; Glowacki, Bartek A.; Kumar, R. V. (Springer Open, 2017)
    Commercially available anode supported solid oxide fuel cells (NiO-8YSZ/8YSZ/LSCF- 20 mm in diameter) were anode infiltrated with gadolinium doped ceria (CGO) using a scalable drop-on-demand inkjet printing process. Cells ...
  • Hopkins, Simon C; Mitchell Williams, T.B.; Vanden Bussche, Dries R; Calleja, Albert; Vlad, Valentina Roxana; Vilardell, Marta; Granados, Xavier; Puig, Teresa; Obradors, Xavier; Usoskin, Alexander; Soloviov, Mykola; Vojenciak, Michal; Gomory, Fedor; Van Driessche, Isabel; Backer, Michael; Glowacki, Bartek A. (IEEE Computer Society, 2016)
    Impressive performance has been achieved in (RE)Ba2Cu3O7-delta (REBCO) coated conductors, but for many applications, the high cost and ac losses remain prohibitive. Inkjet printing methods combine scalability and low ...
  • Glowacki, Bartek A. (Polish Physical Society, 2016)
    Electron-phonon coupling is one of the most common interaction in superconducting materials ranging from Nb-3 Sn, MgB2, iron-based superconductors and high temperature cuprates such as YBa2Cu3O7-delta and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+delta. ...
  • Tomov, Rumen I; Duncan, Ryan; Krauz, Mariusz; Kumar, Vasant R; Glowacki, Bartek A. (EDP Sciences, 2016)
    Inkjet printing fabrication and modification of electrodes and electrolytes of SOFCs were studied. Electromagnetic print-heads were utilized to reproducibly dispense droplets of inks at rates of several kHz on demand. ...
  • Mitchell-Williams, Tom B; Baskys, Algirdas; Guo, Yina; Hopkins, Simon C; Bangert, Ursel; Molodyk, Alexander; Petrykin, Valery; Gomory, Fedor; Frolek, Lubomir; Glowacki, Bartek A. (IEEE Computer Society, 2017)
    If coated conductors are to be used in large-scale ac applications such as motors and generators, energy losses must be minimised. Hysteretic ac losses can be reduced by dividing the coated conductor into filaments. In ...
  • Liu, Pia; Singh, Shalini; Guo, Yina; Wang, Jian-Jun; Xu, Hongxing; Silien, Christophe; Liu, Ning; Ryan, Kevin M. (2017)
    Herein we report the formation of multi-layered arrays of vertically aligned and close packed semiconductor nanorods in perfect registry at a substrate using electric field assisted assembly. The collective properties of ...
  • Rissanen, Sami; Grzybek, Michal; Orlowski, Adam; Róg, Tomasz; Cramariuc, Oiana; Levental, llya; Eggeling, Christian; Sezgin, Erdinc; Vattulainen, llpo (Fronters Media, 2017)
    Driven by interactions between lipids and proteins, biological membranes display lateral heterogeneity that manifests itself in a mosaic of liquid-ordered (Lo) or raft, and liquid-disordered (Ld) or non-raft domains with ...

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