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Phosphorus recovery as struvite from hydrothermal carbonization liquor of chemically produced dairy sludge by extraction and precipitation

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dc.contributor.author Numviyimana, Claver
dc.contributor.author Warchoł, Jolanta
dc.contributor.author Khalaf, N.
dc.contributor.author Leahy, James J.
dc.contributor.author Chojnacka, Katarzyna
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-22T11:05:46Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-22T11:05:46Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10875
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Phosphorus (P) recovery from dairy wastewater involves its accumulation into phosphorus-rich sludge using a physico-chemical or biological process. The high iron content in chemical sludge decreases its usability in agricultural activities. The hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is an option used to treat the sludge to obtain hydrochar for various applications, including its use as an energy source and as a carbon-dense material. The HTC process leaves a bigger volume of nutrient-rich liquor, which phosphorus (P) purification was the subject of this work. By direct precipitation, the product iron content was 17.96%, a value higher than accepted limits for phosphate fertilizers. Thus, P extraction followed by struvite precipitation was studied. The use of oxalic acid extracted 86.7% of P from HTC liquor, while 86.6% of iron was removed. The process conditions of pH 9, and salt dosage of 1.73:1.14:1 for Mg:NH4 +:P mole ratio for struvite precipitation were obtained with a P recovery of 99.96%, and the effluent P concentration below 2 mg∙L− 1. The quality of products as fertilizers was tested by both in-vitro and in-vivo assays. High iron content in the product demonstrated a negative effect on plant germination, whilst the precipitation product from P extract demonstrated an advantage of P purification into struvite for plant macro and micronutrient availability. The used method of P extraction followed by struvite precipitation is useful for both P and iron recovery into two separate products with agricultural and chemical applications, respectively. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering;10, 106947
dc.subject Phosphorus recovery en_US
dc.subject Struvite precipitation en_US
dc.subject Phosphorus extraction en_US
dc.title Phosphorus recovery as struvite from hydrothermal carbonization liquor of chemically produced dairy sludge by extraction and precipitation en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jece.2021.106947
dc.contributor.sponsor Horizon 2020 en_US
dc.contributor.sponsor ERC
dc.relation.projectid 814258 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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