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Cellular inhibitor of apoptosis (cIAP1) is down-regulated during retinal ganglion cell (RGC) maturation

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dc.contributor.author Kisiswa, Lilian
dc.contributor.author Albon, Julie
dc.contributor.author Morgan, James E.
dc.contributor.author Wride, Michael A.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-29T15:09:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-29T15:09:01Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10627
dc.description peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract Apoptosis, is the main type of cell death that occurs in ageing and neurodegenerative disease, such as glaucoma. This study therefore characterises the expression profile of caspases (pro-apoptosis) and inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs; anti-apoptosis) during maturation of the Brown Norway rat retina between 6 weeks and >24 weeks and also examines concomitant changes in expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 2 (TRAF2). The expression profiles of caspases (initiator caspases 8, 9 and effector caspases 6, 7, 3) and inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) (Neuronal IAP), cellular IAP1 and 2 (cIAP1/2), X-chromosome linked IAP (XIAP), Survivin, Bruce and Livin) were examined in retinae from 6 weeks and >24 weeks old BN rats using semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), real-time PCR, Western blotting and immunofluoroscence analysis. Caspase expression was not altered significantly during the study interval. IAP expression showed a general reduction during maturation of BN retina, which was statistically significant for cIAP1. cIAP1 reduction was confirmed by Western blotting and immunoflouroscence and was restricted to cells in the retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL). Accumulation of TRAF2 was observed in the RGCL accompanying the down-regulation of cIAP1 observed. Our results suggest that cells in the mature RGCL may have a greater susceptibility to cell death compared to their younger counterparts and this may be due in part to a reduction in activation of survival pathways involving IAPs and TRAFs. Research highlights ► Caspase expression was not altered significantly during ageing of the Brown Norway rat retina. ► IAP expression showed a general reduction during maturation of BN retina, which was statistically significant for cIAP1. ► cIAP1 reduction was confirmed by Western blotting and immunoflouroscence and was restricted to cells in the retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL). ► Accumulation of TRAF2 was observed in the RGCL accompanying the downregulation of cIAP1 observed. ► The results suggest that cells in the mature RGCL may have a greater susceptibility to cell death compared to their younger counterparts and this may be due in part to a reduction in activation of survival pathways involving IAPs and TRAFs. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Experimental Eye Research;91 (5), pp. 739-747
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2010.08.024
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Experimental Eye Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Experimental Eye Research Volume 91, Issue 5, November 2010, Pages 739-747, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2010.08.024 en_US
dc.subject inhibitors of apoptosis en_US
dc.subject retinal degeneration en_US
dc.title Cellular inhibitor of apoptosis (cIAP1) is down-regulated during retinal ganglion cell (RGC) maturation en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.type.supercollection ul_published_reviewed en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.exer.2010.08.024
dc.contributor.sponsor National Eye Research en_US
dc.relation.projectid RCOP256 en_US
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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