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Stepping out of planned obsolescence into the circular economy: the emergence, effects, and ethics in the smartphone industry

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dc.contributor.author Barros, Mário
dc.contributor.author Dimla, Eric
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-14T13:03:15Z
dc.date.available 2021-06-14T13:03:15Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10344/10164
dc.description non-peer-reviewed en_US
dc.description.abstract A constructive debate on the circular economy entails rethinking planned obsolescence. The increased production and use of consumer electronics, together with their high replacement rate substantially increases electronic waste. Planned obsolescence consist of multiple strategies for rendering a product obsolete. In recent years, we have observed a shift from aesthetic obsolescence to technological obsolescence in for example, smartphones. As regards hardware, the life span of a product is artificially reduced by designing components that cannot be disassembled without damaging the product. Software obsolescence, on the other hand, comprises updates that slow down devices, or create incompatibility between operating systems and running applications. This paper investigates these practices in the smartphone industry. Based on the analysis of the literature we compare planned obsolescence strategies adopted by major companies against circular economy strategies and policies recently implemented. We assess the embodiment of the strategies by analysing product features and indexes of repairability in smartphones and characterise technological obsolescence considering hardware, firmware and software. Our conclusions suggest that tackling planned obsolescence requires policymaking that establishes guidelines for reliability to strengthen indexes of repairability as information to consumers en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 4th PLATE Virtual Conference; Limerick, Ireland - 26-28 May 2021
dc.subject planned obsolescence en_US
dc.subject industrial design en_US
dc.subject smartphones en_US
dc.subject product lifetime en_US
dc.subject modularity en_US
dc.title Stepping out of planned obsolescence into the circular economy: the emergence, effects, and ethics in the smartphone industry en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject en_US
dc.type.supercollection all_ul_research en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.31880/10344/10164
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US


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